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Resources tagged with Addition & subtraction similar to Children's Mathematical Writing:

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Broad Topics > Calculations and Numerical Methods > Addition & subtraction

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The Deca Tree

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

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Napier's Bones

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

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Magic Squares 4x4

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Fill in the numbers to make the sum of each row, column and diagonal equal to 34. For an extra challenge try the huge American Flag magic square.

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Magic Triangle

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Place the digits 1 to 9 into the circles so that each side of the triangle adds to the same total.

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The 24 Game

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

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Sam's Quick Sum

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

What is the sum of all the three digit whole numbers?

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Four Goodness Sake

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

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Number Juggle

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Fill in the missing numbers so that adding each pair of corner numbers gives you the number between them (in the box).

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Exploring Number Patterns You Make

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?

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The Clockmaker's Birthday Cake

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

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Cherries Come in Twos

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Susie took cherries out of a bowl by following a certain pattern. How many cherries had there been in the bowl to start with if she was left with 14 single ones?

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Brothers and Sisters

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Cassandra, David and Lachlan are brothers and sisters. They range in age between 1 year and 14 years. Can you figure out their exact ages from the clues?

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Plants

Stage: 1 and 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Three children are going to buy some plants for their birthdays. They will plant them within circular paths. How could they do this?

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Oranges and Lemons

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

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Reverse Trick

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Tell your friends that you have a strange calculator that turns numbers backwards. What secret number do you have to enter to make 141 414 turn around?

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Cows and Sheep

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

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Rocco's Race

Stage: 2 Short Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.

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Dividing a Cake

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

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The Tall Tower

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

As you come down the ladders of the Tall Tower you collect useful spells. Which way should you go to collect the most spells?

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Oddly

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Find the sum of all three-digit numbers each of whose digits is odd.

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Penta Post

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

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Back to School

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Mr. Sunshine tells the children they will have 2 hours of homework. After several calculations, Harry says he hasn't got time to do this homework. Can you see where his reasoning is wrong?

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Clock Face

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

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Gift Stacks

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

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Zios and Zepts

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

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Function Machines

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

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Clever Keys

Stage: 2 Short Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?

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One Wasn't Square

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Mrs Morgan, the class's teacher, pinned numbers onto the backs of three children. Use the information to find out what the three numbers were.

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Amy's Dominoes

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

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Reach 100

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.

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Abundant Numbers

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

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Buckets of Thinking

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

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Sometimes We Lose Things

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.

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Scoring with Dice

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

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How Many Eggs?

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.

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Calendar Calculations

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

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Highest and Lowest

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

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Special 24

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Find another number that is one short of a square number and when you double it and add 1, the result is also a square number.

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Spiders and Flies

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

There were 22 legs creeping across the web. How many flies? How many spiders?

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Make 100

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷) to make these digits come to 100.

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The Money Maze

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Go through the maze, collecting and losing your money as you go. Which route gives you the highest return? And the lowest?

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Next Number

Stage: 2 Short Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...

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Domino Square

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Use the 'double-3 down' dominoes to make a square so that each side has eight dots.

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Rod Measures

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Using 3 rods of integer lengths, none longer than 10 units and not using any rod more than once, you can measure all the lengths in whole units from 1 to 10 units. How many ways can you do this?

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The Number Crunching Machine

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?

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Journeys in Numberland

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

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Eggs in Baskets

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

There are three baskets, a brown one, a red one and a pink one, holding a total of 10 eggs. Can you use the information given to find out how many eggs are in each basket?

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Sitting Round the Party Tables

Stage: 1 and 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

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Escape from the Castle

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

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Magic Constants

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?