This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

As you come down the ladders of the Tall Tower you collect useful spells. Which way should you go to collect the most spells?

If you hang two weights on one side of this balance, in how many different ways can you hang three weights on the other side for it to be balanced?

Place six toy ladybirds into the box so that there are two ladybirds in every column and every row.

Three children are going to buy some plants for their birthdays. They will plant them within circular paths. How could they do this?

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

Place the numbers 1 to 6 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

Arrange the numbers 1 to 6 in each set of circles below. The sum of each side of the triangle should equal the number in its centre.

Using the cards 2, 4, 6, 8, +, - and =, what number statements can you make?

Woof is a big dog. Yap is a little dog. Emma has 16 dog biscuits to give to the two dogs. She gave Woof 4 more biscuits than Yap. How many biscuits did each dog get?

Lolla bought a balloon at the circus. She gave the clown six coins to pay for it. What could Lolla have paid for the balloon?

In your bank, you have three types of coins. The number of spots shows how much they are worth. Can you choose coins to exchange with the groups given to make the same total?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.

There are three baskets, a brown one, a red one and a pink one, holding a total of 10 eggs. Can you use the information given to find out how many eggs are in each basket?

Can you arrange fifteen dominoes so that all the touching domino pieces add to 6 and the ends join up? Can you make all the joins add to 7?

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

Winifred Wytsh bought a box each of jelly babies, milk jelly bears, yellow jelly bees and jelly belly beans. In how many different ways could she make a jolly jelly feast with 32 legs?

Use the number weights to find different ways of balancing the equaliser.

You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different ways could you score 44?

Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?

Find all the numbers that can be made by adding the dots on two dice.

A game for 2 or more players. Practise your addition and subtraction with the aid of a game board and some dried peas!

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

Find your way through the grid starting at 2 and following these operations. What number do you end on?

Ram divided 15 pennies among four small bags. He could then pay any sum of money from 1p to 15p without opening any bag. How many pennies did Ram put in each bag?

A game for 2 players. Practises subtraction or other maths operations knowledge.

Can you hang weights in the right place to make the equaliser balance?

In how many ways could Mrs Beeswax put ten coins into her three puddings so that each pudding ended up with at least two coins?

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

These two group activities use mathematical reasoning - one is numerical, one geometric.

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

Write the numbers up to 64 in an interesting way so that the shape they make at the end is interesting, different, more exciting ... than just a square.

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

Sam got into an elevator. He went down five floors, up six floors, down seven floors, then got out on the second floor. On what floor did he get on?

Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same properties?

This challenge extends the Plants investigation so now four or more children are involved.

This challenging activity involves finding different ways to distribute fifteen items among four sets, when the sets must include three, four, five and six items.

How could you arrange at least two dice in a stack so that the total of the visible spots is 18?

This big box adds something to any number that goes into it. If you know the numbers that come out, what addition might be going on in the box?

Can you use the information to find out which cards I have used?

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

Two children made up a game as they walked along the garden paths. Can you find out their scores? Can you find some paths of your own?

In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.