Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

Fill in the missing numbers so that adding each pair of corner numbers gives you the number between them (in the box).

Fill in the numbers to make the sum of each row, column and diagonal equal to 34. For an extra challenge try the huge American Flag magic square.

There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

Skippy and Anna are locked in a room in a large castle. The key to that room, and all the other rooms, is a number. The numbers are locked away in a problem. Can you help them to get out?

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

This article gives you a few ideas for understanding the Got It! game and how you might find a winning strategy.

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

How can we help students make sense of addition and subtraction of negative numbers?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

Find a great variety of ways of asking questions which make 8.

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

If each of these three shapes has a value, can you find the totals of the combinations? Perhaps you can use the shapes to make the given totals?

Start with four numbers at the corners of a square and put the total of two corners in the middle of that side. Keep going... Can you estimate what the size of the last four numbers will be?

These alphabet bricks are painted in a special way. A is on one brick, B on two bricks, and so on. How many bricks will be painted by the time they have got to other letters of the alphabet?

Can you work out how many flowers there will be on the Amazing Splitting Plant after it has been growing for six weeks?

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

We start with one yellow cube and build around it to make a 3x3x3 cube with red cubes. Then we build around that red cube with blue cubes and so on. How many cubes of each colour have we used?

Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?

In this section from a calendar, put a square box around the 1st, 2nd, 8th and 9th. Add all the pairs of numbers. What do you notice about the answers?

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?