Find a great variety of ways of asking questions which make 8.
Are these statements relating to calculation and properties of shapes always true, sometimes true or never true?
Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many
sheep there are in each field.
This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?
How can we help students make sense of addition and subtraction of negative numbers?
In sheep talk the only letters used are B and A. A sequence of
words is formed by following certain rules. What do you notice when
you count the letters in each word?
This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.
Find the sum of all three-digit numbers each of whose digits is
Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?
If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what
numbers will come out?
Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the
numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the
rule for giving another set of six numbers?
On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the
four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?
Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now
multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what
There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres.
Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.
Who said that adding couldn't be fun?
Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?
Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange
the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?
Find the next number in this pattern: 3, 7, 19, 55 ...
Susie took cherries out of a bowl by following a certain pattern.
How many cherries had there been in the bowl to start with if she
was left with 14 single ones?
Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?
Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?
Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate
eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person
Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?
Tell your friends that you have a strange calculator that turns
numbers backwards. What secret number do you have to enter to make
141 414 turn around?
Using 3 rods of integer lengths, none longer than 10 units and not
using any rod more than once, you can measure all the lengths in
whole units from 1 to 10 units. How many ways can you do this?
What is happening at each box in these machines?
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
Vera is shopping at a market with these coins in her purse. Which
things could she give exactly the right amount for?
Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more
than way to do it?
Can you substitute numbers for the letters in these sums?
Can you work out how many flowers there will be on the Amazing Splitting Plant after it has been growing for six weeks?
Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on
both sides have the same total?
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each
On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs
exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how
many lemons there are?
Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the
numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts
and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?
Can you draw a continuous line through 16 numbers on this grid so
that the total of the numbers you pass through is as high as
Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?
The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock
face. Can you work out who received each piece?
I was looking at the number plate of a car parked outside. Using my special code S208VBJ adds to 65. Can you crack my code and use it to find out what both of these number plates add up to?
Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to
find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's
finishing position was.
These caterpillars have 16 parts. What different shapes do they make if each part lies in the small squares of a 4 by 4 square?
Complete these two jigsaws then put one on top of the other. What
happens when you add the 'touching' numbers? What happens when you
change the position of the jigsaws?
This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.
This big box adds something to any number that goes into it. If you know the numbers that come out, what addition might be going on in the box?
If each of these three shapes has a value, can you find the totals
of the combinations? Perhaps you can use the shapes to make the
This challenge combines addition, multiplication, perseverance and even proof.