In this article for teachers, Elizabeth Carruthers and Maulfry Worthington explore the differences between 'recording mathematics' and 'representing mathematical thinking'.

How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.

Can you use the numbers on the dice to reach your end of the number line before your partner beats you?

Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.

There are nasty versions of this dice game but we'll start with the nice ones...

The picture shows a lighthouse and many underwater creatures. If you know the markings on the lighthouse are 1m apart, can you work out the distances between some of the different creatures?

In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the number line first?

Some Games That May Be Nice or Nasty for an adult and child. Use your knowledge of place value to beat your opponent.

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

Arrange three 1s, three 2s and three 3s in this square so that every row, column and diagonal adds to the same total.

The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?

In how many ways could Mrs Beeswax put ten coins into her three puddings so that each pudding ended up with at least two coins?

Three dice are placed in a row. Find a way to turn each one so that the three numbers on top of the dice total the same as the three numbers on the front of the dice. Can you find all the ways to do. . . .

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

Use the number weights to find different ways of balancing the equaliser.

If you have ten counters numbered 1 to 10, how many can you put into pairs that add to 10? Which ones do you have to leave out? Why?

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

Vera is shopping at a market with these coins in her purse. Which things could she give exactly the right amount for?

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.

How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

Can you hang weights in the right place to make the equaliser balance?

A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.

A game for 2 or more players. Practise your addition and subtraction with the aid of a game board and some dried peas!

A game for 2 players. Practises subtraction or other maths operations knowledge.

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

Cassandra, David and Lachlan are brothers and sisters. They range in age between 1 year and 14 years. Can you figure out their exact ages from the clues?

Can you make a cycle of pairs that add to make a square number using all the numbers in the box below, once and once only?

Place the digits 1 to 9 into the circles so that each side of the triangle adds to the same total.

Tell your friends that you have a strange calculator that turns numbers backwards. What secret number do you have to enter to make 141 414 turn around?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

We start with one yellow cube and build around it to make a 3x3x3 cube with red cubes. Then we build around that red cube with blue cubes and so on. How many cubes of each colour have we used?

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both sides once you've made the pieces?

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

This article gives you a few ideas for understanding the Got It! game and how you might find a winning strategy.

Choose four of the numbers from 1 to 9 to put in the squares so that the differences between joined squares are odd.

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

Can you draw a continuous line through 16 numbers on this grid so that the total of the numbers you pass through is as high as possible?