In this article for teachers, Elizabeth Carruthers and Maulfry Worthington explore the differences between 'recording mathematics' and 'representing mathematical thinking'.

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the number line first?

Use five steps to count forwards or backwards in 1s or 10s to get to 50. What strategies did you use?

How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.

There are nasty versions of this dice game but we'll start with the nice ones...

Can you use the numbers on the dice to reach your end of the number line before your partner beats you?

Some Games That May Be Nice or Nasty for an adult and child. Use your knowledge of place value to beat your oponent.

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Can you arrange fifteen dominoes so that all the touching domino pieces add to 6 and the ends join up? Can you make all the joins add to 7?

In your bank, you have three types of coins. The number of spots shows how much they are worth. Can you choose coins to exchange with the groups given to make the same total?

Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.

Can you draw a continuous line through 16 numbers on this grid so that the total of the numbers you pass through is as high as possible?

Choose four of the numbers from 1 to 9 to put in the squares so that the differences between joined squares are odd.

As you come down the ladders of the Tall Tower you collect useful spells. Which way should you go to collect the most spells?

Twizzle, a female giraffe, needs transporting to another zoo. Which route will give the fastest journey?

This article gives you a few ideas for understanding the Got It! game and how you might find a winning strategy.

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

Arrange the numbers 1 to 6 in each set of circles below. The sum of each side of the triangle should equal the number in its centre.

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

There are three baskets, a brown one, a red one and a pink one, holding a total of 10 eggs. Can you use the information given to find out how many eggs are in each basket?

Sam got into an elevator. He went down five floors, up six floors, down seven floors, then got out on the second floor. On what floor did he get on?

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

A game for 2 or more players. Practise your addition and subtraction with the aid of a game board and some dried peas!

A game for 2 players. Practises subtraction or other maths operations knowledge.

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Can you make a cycle of pairs that add to make a square number using all the numbers in the box below, once and once only?

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.

Can you hang weights in the right place to make the equaliser balance?

Use the number weights to find different ways of balancing the equaliser.

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

Can you work out how many flowers there will be on the Amazing Splitting Plant after it has been growing for six weeks?

Three dice are placed in a row. Find a way to turn each one so that the three numbers on top of the dice total the same as the three numbers on the front of the dice. Can you find all the ways to do. . . .

In how many ways could Mrs Beeswax put ten coins into her three puddings so that each pudding ended up with at least two coins?

There were 22 legs creeping across the web. How many flies? How many spiders?

Use the interactivities to fill in these Carroll diagrams. How do you know where to place the numbers?

Fancy a game of cricket? Here is a mathematical version you can play indoors without breaking any windows.

This big box adds something to any number that goes into it. If you know the numbers that come out, what addition might be going on in the box?

This challenge extends the Plants investigation so now four or more children are involved.

Dotty Six is a simple dice game that you can adapt in many ways.

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?

If you have ten counters numbered 1 to 10, how many can you put into pairs that add to 10? Which ones do you have to leave out? Why?