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Resources tagged with Addition & subtraction similar to Natural Born Mathematicians:

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Broad Topics > Calculations and Numerical Methods > Addition & subtraction

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Children's Mathematical Graphics: Understanding the Key Concept

Stage: 1

In this article for teachers, Elizabeth Carruthers and Maulfry Worthington explore the differences between 'recording mathematics' and 'representing mathematical thinking'.

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Some Secret Codes

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Can you follow the rule to decode the messages?

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One Million to Seven

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

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Reach 100

Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.

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Nice or Nasty for Two

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Some Games That May Be Nice or Nasty for an adult and child. Use your knowledge of place value to beat your opponent.

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Tug of War

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Can you use the numbers on the dice to reach your end of the number line before your partner beats you?

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Nice or Nasty

Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

There are nasty versions of this dice game but we'll start with the nice ones...

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Totality

Stage: 1 and 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

This is an adding game for two players.

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Sea Level

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

The picture shows a lighthouse and many underwater creatures. If you know the markings on the lighthouse are 1m apart, can you work out the distances between some of the different creatures?

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Tug Harder!

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the number line first?

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Two and Two

Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.

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Dicey Addition

Stage: 1 and 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Who said that adding couldn't be fun?

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Noah

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Noah saw 12 legs walk by into the Ark. How many creatures did he see?

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Pass the Peas, Please

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

A game for 2 or more players. Practise your addition and subtraction with the aid of a game board and some dried peas!

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Making Trains

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can you make a train the same length as Laura's but using three differently coloured rods? Is there only one way of doing it?

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Fingers and Hands

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?

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Wild Jack

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.

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Sort Them Out (1)

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

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Number Balance

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can you hang weights in the right place to make the equaliser balance?

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Sometimes We Lose Things

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.

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Criss Cross Quiz

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

A game for 2 players. Practises subtraction or other maths operations knowledge.

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Cubes Within Cubes

Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

We start with one yellow cube and build around it to make a 3x3x3 cube with red cubes. Then we build around that red cube with blue cubes and so on. How many cubes of each colour have we used?

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Follow the Numbers

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

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Four Goodness Sake

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

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The Twelve Pointed Star Game

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Have a go at this game which involves throwing two dice and adding their totals. Where should you place your counters to be more likely to win?

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Pairs of Numbers

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

If you have ten counters numbered 1 to 10, how many can you put into pairs that add to 10? Which ones do you have to leave out? Why?

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Oranges and Lemons

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

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Amy's Dominoes

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

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Rocco's Race

Stage: 2 Short Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.

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The Deca Tree

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

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Dividing a Cake

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

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Cycling Squares

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can you make a cycle of pairs that add to make a square number using all the numbers in the box below, once and once only?

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Reverse Trick

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Tell your friends that you have a strange calculator that turns numbers backwards. What secret number do you have to enter to make 141 414 turn around?

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The Clockmaker's Birthday Cake

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

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How Do You Do It?

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

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Cows and Sheep

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

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Numbered Cars

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

I was looking at the number plate of a car parked outside. Using my special code S208VBJ adds to 65. Can you crack my code and use it to find out what both of these number plates add up to?

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1, 2, 3 Magic Square

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Arrange three 1s, three 2s and three 3s in this square so that every row, column and diagonal adds to the same total.

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Code Breaker

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

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Street Sequences

Stage: 1 and 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Investigate what happens when you add house numbers along a street in different ways.

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Find the Difference

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Place the numbers 1 to 6 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

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Machines

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

What is happening at each box in these machines?

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Shut the Box

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

An old game but lots of arithmetic!

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Rod Measures

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Using 3 rods of integer lengths, none longer than 10 units and not using any rod more than once, you can measure all the lengths in whole units from 1 to 10 units. How many ways can you do this?

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Consecutive Numbers

Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

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Penta Post

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

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Month Mania

Stage: 1 and 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?

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Add the Weights

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

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Fair Exchange

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

In your bank, you have three types of coins. The number of spots shows how much they are worth. Can you choose coins to exchange with the groups given to make the same total?

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Being Determined - Primary Number

Stage: 1 and 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.