During the third hour after midnight the hands on a clock point in the same direction (so one hand is over the top of the other). At what time, to the nearest second, does this happen?

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

There are nasty versions of this dice game but we'll start with the nice ones...

In how many ways could Mrs Beeswax put ten coins into her three puddings so that each pudding ended up with at least two coins?

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

Write the numbers up to 64 in an interesting way so that the shape they make at the end is interesting, different, more exciting ... than just a square.

You have 5 darts and your target score is 44. How many different ways could you score 44?

Place the digits 1 to 9 into the circles so that each side of the triangle adds to the same total.

Using the cards 2, 4, 6, 8, +, - and =, what number statements can you make?

Lolla bought a balloon at the circus. She gave the clown six coins to pay for it. What could Lolla have paid for the balloon?

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Using 3 rods of integer lengths, none longer than 10 units and not using any rod more than once, you can measure all the lengths in whole units from 1 to 10 units. How many ways can you do this?

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a total of 15!

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

Mr. Sunshine tells the children they will have 2 hours of homework. After several calculations, Harry says he hasn't got time to do this homework. Can you see where his reasoning is wrong?

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

Fill in the numbers to make the sum of each row, column and diagonal equal to 34. For an extra challenge try the huge American Flag magic square.

Fill in the missing numbers so that adding each pair of corner numbers gives you the number between them (in the box).

Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99 How many ways can you do it?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Winifred Wytsh bought a box each of jelly babies, milk jelly bears, yellow jelly bees and jelly belly beans. In how many different ways could she make a jolly jelly feast with 32 legs?

Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?

Can you make square numbers by adding two prime numbers together?

Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square of another, larger, number.

Ram divided 15 pennies among four small bags. He could then pay any sum of money from 1p to 15p without opening any bag. How many pennies did Ram put in each bag?

Find all the numbers that can be made by adding the dots on two dice.

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

Investigate the different distances of these car journeys and find out how long they take.

Twizzle, a female giraffe, needs transporting to another zoo. Which route will give the fastest journey?

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

This article for teachers suggests ideas for activities built around 10 and 2010.

Can you find which shapes you need to put into the grid to make the totals at the end of each row and the bottom of each column?

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both sides once you've made the pieces?

Tim had nine cards each with a different number from 1 to 9 on it. How could he have put them into three piles so that the total in each pile was 15?