In this article for teachers, Elizabeth Carruthers and Maulfry Worthington explore the differences between 'recording mathematics' and 'representing mathematical thinking'.

Can you use the numbers on the dice to reach your end of the number line before your partner beats you?

Dotty Six is a simple dice game that you can adapt in many ways.

Dotty Six game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have three sixes in a straight line?

In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the number line first?

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?

Choose four of the numbers from 1 to 9 to put in the squares so that the differences between joined squares are odd.

Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

How would you count the number of fingers in these pictures?

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

A game for 2 or more players. Practise your addition and subtraction with the aid of a game board and some dried peas!

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

A game for 2 people. Use your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to blast the asteroids.

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.

Use the information about Sally and her brother to find out how many children there are in the Brown family.

In how many ways could Mrs Beeswax put ten coins into her three puddings so that each pudding ended up with at least two coins?

Place six toy ladybirds into the box so that there are two ladybirds in every column and every row.

This article gives you a few ideas for understanding the Got It! game and how you might find a winning strategy.

There are nasty versions of this dice game but we'll start with the nice ones...

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

Use the interactivities to fill in these Carroll diagrams. How do you know where to place the numbers?

Have a go at this game which involves throwing two dice and adding their totals. Where should you place your counters to be more likely to win?

How have the numbers been placed in this Carroll diagram? Which labels would you put on each row and column?

Can you hang weights in the right place to make the equaliser balance?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

A game for 2 players. Practises subtraction or other maths operations knowledge.

A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Can you make a train the same length as Laura's but using three differently coloured rods? Is there only one way of doing it?

In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?

Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?

Make your own double-sided magic square. But can you complete both sides once you've made the pieces?

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

Place the numbers 1 to 6 in the circles so that each number is the difference between the two numbers just below it.

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

Can you make a cycle of pairs that add to make a square number using all the numbers in the box below, once and once only?

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

First Connect Three game for an adult and child. Use the dice numbers and either addition or subtraction to get three numbers in a straight line.

Imagine a pyramid which is built in square layers of small cubes. If we number the cubes from the top, starting with 1, can you picture which cubes are directly below this first cube?

In this game for two players, the aim is to make a row of four coins which total one dollar.

This challenge extends the Plants investigation so now four or more children are involved.

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Jack's mum bought some candles to use on his birthday cakes and when his sister was born, she used them on her cakes too. Can you use the information to find out when Kate was born?

This challenging activity involves finding different ways to distribute fifteen items among four sets, when the sets must include three, four, five and six items.