In this article for teachers, Elizabeth Carruthers and Maulfry Worthington explore the differences between 'recording mathematics' and 'representing mathematical thinking'.

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

Some Games That May Be Nice or Nasty for an adult and child. Use your knowledge of place value to beat your opponent.

In this 100 square, look at the green square which contains the numbers 2, 3, 12 and 13. What is the sum of the numbers that are diagonally opposite each other? What do you notice?

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

Investigate what happens when you add house numbers along a street in different ways.

There are nasty versions of this dice game but we'll start with the nice ones...

Can you draw a continuous line through 16 numbers on this grid so that the total of the numbers you pass through is as high as possible?

Place the digits 1 to 9 into the circles so that each side of the triangle adds to the same total.

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

Tell your friends that you have a strange calculator that turns numbers backwards. What secret number do you have to enter to make 141 414 turn around?

Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.

Cassandra, David and Lachlan are brothers and sisters. They range in age between 1 year and 14 years. Can you figure out their exact ages from the clues?

There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

Can you make a train the same length as Laura's but using three differently coloured rods? Is there only one way of doing it?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

Can you hang weights in the right place to make the equaliser balance?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.

On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

On Planet Plex, there are only 6 hours in the day. Can you answer these questions about how Arog the Alien spends his day?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?

Arrange three 1s, three 2s and three 3s in this square so that every row, column and diagonal adds to the same total.

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

Sam got into an elevator. He went down five floors, up six floors, down seven floors, then got out on the second floor. On what floor did he get on?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

These sixteen children are standing in four lines of four, one behind the other. They are each holding a card with a number on it. Can you work out the missing numbers?

There are three baskets, a brown one, a red one and a pink one, holding a total of 10 eggs. Can you use the information given to find out how many eggs are in each basket?

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.

I was looking at the number plate of a car parked outside. Using my special code S208VBJ adds to 65. Can you crack my code and use it to find out what both of these number plates add up to?

Move from the START to the FINISH by moving across or down to the next square. Can you find a route to make these totals?

As you come down the ladders of the Tall Tower you collect useful spells. Which way should you go to collect the most spells?

Use these head, body and leg pieces to make Robot Monsters which are different heights.

Twizzle, a female giraffe, needs transporting to another zoo. Which route will give the fastest journey?

In sheep talk the only letters used are B and A. A sequence of words is formed by following certain rules. What do you notice when you count the letters in each word?

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?