Choose four different digits from 1-9 and put one in each box so that the resulting four two-digit numbers add to a total of 100.
Using the cards 2, 4, 6, 8, +, - and =, what number statements can
Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the
numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the
rule for giving another set of six numbers?
What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other
numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?
Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?
Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged
the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same
total. What was the total and how could this be done?
Tim had nine cards each with a different number from 1 to 9 on it.
How could he have put them into three piles so that the total in
each pile was 15?
Find the sum of all three-digit numbers each of whose digits is
Mrs Morgan, the class's teacher, pinned numbers onto the backs of
three children. Use the information to find out what the three
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
There are 44 people coming to a dinner party. There are 15 square
tables that seat 4 people. Find a way to seat the 44 people using
all 15 tables, with no empty places.
There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2
litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to
another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the
The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to
help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to
use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?
A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the
labels. Can you help relabel them?
Susie took cherries out of a bowl by following a certain pattern.
How many cherries had there been in the bowl to start with if she
was left with 14 single ones?
Tell your friends that you have a strange calculator that turns
numbers backwards. What secret number do you have to enter to make
141 414 turn around?
Can you make a train the same length as Laura's but using three
differently coloured rods? Is there only one way of doing it?
Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of
rabbit there are in these pens?
Place six toy ladybirds into the box so that there are two
ladybirds in every column and every row.
Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book.
How many pages does the book have?
Use these head, body and leg pieces to make Robot Monsters which
are different heights.
There are 78 prisoners in a square cell block of twelve cells. The
clever prison warder arranged them so there were 25 along each wall
of the prison block. How did he do it?
Place the numbers 1 to 10 in the circles so that each number is the
difference between the two numbers just below it.
Fill in the missing numbers so that adding each pair of corner
numbers gives you the number between them (in the box).
Look carefully at the numbers. What do you notice? Can you make
another square using the numbers 1 to 16, that displays the same
Find your way through the grid starting at 2 and following these
operations. What number do you end on?
Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves
there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a
twig and a leaf.
Can you put plus signs in so this is true? 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 = 99
How many ways can you do it?
This is an adding game for two players.
Arrange three 1s, three 2s and three 3s in this square so that
every row, column and diagonal adds to the same total.
Use your logical-thinking skills to deduce how much Dan's crisps and ice-cream cost altogether.
This problem is based on a code using two different prime numbers
less than 10. You'll need to multiply them together and shift the
alphabet forwards by the result. Can you decipher the code?
Add the sum of the squares of four numbers between 10 and 20 to the
sum of the squares of three numbers less than 6 to make the square
of another, larger, number.
Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?
Can you draw a continuous line through 16 numbers on this grid so
that the total of the numbers you pass through is as high as
Zumf makes spectacles for the residents of the planet Zargon, who
have either 3 eyes or 4 eyes. How many lenses will Zumf need to
make all the different orders for 9 families?
Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square
below so that each side adds to the same total.
Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four
calculations are correct?
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now
multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what
Move from the START to the FINISH by moving across or down to the
next square. Can you find a route to make these totals?
This magic square has operations written in it, to make it into a
maze. Start wherever you like, go through every cell and go out a
total of 15!
Find all the numbers that can be made by adding the dots on two dice.
Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to
find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's
finishing position was.
Fill in the numbers to make the sum of each row, column and
diagonal equal to 34. For an extra challenge try the huge American
Flag magic square.
Place the digits 1 to 9 into the circles so that each side of the
triangle adds to the same total.
Can you substitute numbers for the letters in these sums?
Here you see the front and back views of a dodecahedron. Each
vertex has been numbered so that the numbers around each pentagonal
face add up to 65. Can you find all the missing numbers?
Use the 'double-3 down' dominoes to make a square so that each side
has eight dots.
Can you arrange 5 different digits (from 0 - 9) in the cross in the
If each of these three shapes has a value, can you find the totals
of the combinations? Perhaps you can use the shapes to make the