On the table there is a pile of oranges and lemons that weighs exactly one kilogram. Using the information, can you work out how many lemons there are?

Rocco ran in a 200 m race for his class. Use the information to find out how many runners there were in the race and what Rocco's finishing position was.

This group activity will encourage you to share calculation strategies and to think about which strategy might be the most efficient.

Use 4 four times with simple operations so that you get the answer 12. Can you make 15, 16 and 17 too?

In this article for teachers, Elizabeth Carruthers and Maulfry Worthington explore the differences between 'recording mathematics' and 'representing mathematical thinking'.

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

Use the information to work out how many gifts there are in each pile.

Peter, Melanie, Amil and Jack received a total of 38 chocolate eggs. Use the information to work out how many eggs each person had.

Put operations signs between the numbers 3 4 5 6 to make the highest possible number and lowest possible number.

There are three buckets each of which holds a maximum of 5 litres. Use the clues to work out how much liquid there is in each bucket.

On a calculator, make 15 by using only the 2 key and any of the four operations keys. How many ways can you find to do it?

The clockmaker's wife cut up his birthday cake to look like a clock face. Can you work out who received each piece?

What do the digits in the number fifteen add up to? How many other numbers have digits with the same total but no zeros?

Use your logical reasoning to work out how many cows and how many sheep there are in each field.

Where can you draw a line on a clock face so that the numbers on both sides have the same total?

The Scot, John Napier, invented these strips about 400 years ago to help calculate multiplication and division. Can you work out how to use Napier's bones to find the answer to these multiplications?

If the numbers 5, 7 and 4 go into this function machine, what numbers will come out?

Here are the prices for 1st and 2nd class mail within the UK. You have an unlimited number of each of these stamps. Which stamps would you need to post a parcel weighing 825g?

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

Can you score 100 by throwing rings on this board? Is there more than way to do it?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

Number problems at primary level that require careful consideration.

The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?

There are over sixty different ways of making 24 by adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing all four numbers 4, 6, 6 and 8 (using each number only once). How many can you find?

Annie cut this numbered cake into 3 pieces with 3 cuts so that the numbers on each piece added to the same total. Where were the cuts and what fraction of the whole cake was each piece?

Put a number at the top of the machine and collect a number at the bottom. What do you get? Which numbers get back to themselves?

This number has 903 digits. What is the sum of all 903 digits?

This task combines spatial awareness with addition and multiplication.

Mrs Morgan, the class's teacher, pinned numbers onto the backs of three children. Use the information to find out what the three numbers were.

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?

Using the statements, can you work out how many of each type of rabbit there are in these pens?

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, focuses on 'open squares'. What would the next five open squares look like?

A game for 2 or more players with a pack of cards. Practise your skills of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division to hit the target score.

There are 4 jugs which hold 9 litres, 7 litres, 4 litres and 2 litres. Find a way to pour 9 litres of drink from one jug to another until you are left with exactly 3 litres in three of the jugs.

Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

Ten cards are put into five envelopes so that there are two cards in each envelope. The sum of the numbers inside it is written on each envelope. What numbers could be inside the envelopes?

Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a look at the multiplications table.

What do you notice about the date 03.06.09? Or 08.01.09? This challenge invites you to investigate some interesting dates yourself.

This task, written for the National Young Mathematicians' Award 2016, invites you to explore the different combinations of scores that you might get on these dart boards.

Some Games That May Be Nice or Nasty for an adult and child. Use your knowledge of place value to beat your opponent.

A group of children are using measuring cylinders but they lose the labels. Can you help relabel them?

Start by putting one million (1 000 000) into the display of your calculator. Can you reduce this to 7 using just the 7 key and add, subtract, multiply, divide and equals as many times as you like?

Winifred Wytsh bought a box each of jelly babies, milk jelly bears, yellow jelly bees and jelly belly beans. In how many different ways could she make a jolly jelly feast with 32 legs?