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#### Resources tagged with Theoretical probability similar to Royal Arm Wrestling:

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Broad Topics > Probability > Theoretical probability

##### Stage: 4 and 5 Challenge Level:

Some relationships are transitive, such as `if A>B and B>C then it follows that A>C', but some are not. In a voting system, if A beats B and B beats C should we expect A to beat C?

### Chances Are

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Which of these games would you play to give yourself the best possible chance of winning a prize?

### Nines and Tens

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Explain why it is that when you throw two dice you are more likely to get a score of 9 than of 10. What about the case of 3 dice? Is a score of 9 more likely then a score of 10 with 3 dice?

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

A counter is placed in the bottom right hand corner of a grid. You toss a coin and move the star according to the following rules: ... What is the probability that you end up in the top left-hand. . . .

### Scratch Cards

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

To win on a scratch card you have to uncover three numbers that add up to more than fifteen. What is the probability of winning a prize?

### Card Game (a Simple Version of Clock Patience)

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Four cards are shuffled and placed into two piles of two. Starting with the first pile of cards - turn a card over... You win if all your cards end up in the trays before you run out of cards in. . . .

### Taking Chances Extended

##### Stage: 4 and 5

This article, for students and teachers, is mainly about probability, the mathematical way of looking at random chance.

### Flippin' Discs

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Identical discs are flipped in the air. You win if all of the faces show the same colour. Can you calculate the probability of winning with n discs?

### In a Box

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Chris and Jo put two red and four blue ribbons in a box. They each pick a ribbon from the box without looking. Jo wins if the two ribbons are the same colour. Is the game fair?

### The Better Bet

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Here are two games you have to pay to play. Which is the better bet?

### At Least One...

##### Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level:

Imagine flipping a coin a number of times. Can you work out the probability you will get a head on at least one of the flips?

### The Birthday Bet

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

The next ten people coming into a store will be asked their birthday. If the prize is £20, would you bet £1 that two of these ten people will have the same birthday ?

### Gambling at Monte Carlo

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

A man went to Monte Carlo to try and make his fortune. Whilst he was there he had an opportunity to bet on the outcome of rolling dice. He was offered the same odds for each of the. . . .

### Coin Tossing Games

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

You and I play a game involving successive throws of a fair coin. Suppose I pick HH and you pick TH. The coin is thrown repeatedly until we see either two heads in a row (I win) or a tail followed by. . . .

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Four fair dice are marked differently on their six faces. Choose first ANY one of them. I can always choose another that will give me a better chance of winning. Investigate.

### Marbles and Bags

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Two bags contain different numbers of red and blue marbles. A marble is removed from one of the bags. The marble is blue. What is the probability that it was removed from bag A?

### Misunderstanding Randomness

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Which of these ideas about randomness are actually correct?

### Which Spinners?

##### Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level:

Can you work out which spinners were used to generate the frequency charts?

### Distribution Differences

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

How could you compare different situation where something random happens ? What sort of things might be the same ? What might be different ?

### Introducing Distributions

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

When five dice are rolled together which do you expect to see more often, no sixes or all sixes ?

### Can't Find a Coin?

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Can you generate a set of random results? Can you fool the random simulator?

### What Does Random Look Like?

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Engage in a little mathematical detective work to see if you can spot the fakes.

### Like Father Like Son

##### Stage: 4 Short Challenge Level:

What is the chance I will have a son who looks like me?

### Genetics

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

A problem about genetics and the transmission of disease.

### Who's the Winner?

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

When two closely matched teams play each other, what is the most likely result?

### Mathsland National Lottery

##### Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level:

Can you work out the probability of winning the Mathsland National Lottery? Try our simulator to test out your ideas.

### Last One Standing

##### Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level:

Imagine a room full of people who keep flipping coins until they get a tail. Will anyone get six heads in a row?

### Same Number!

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

If everyone in your class picked a number from 1 to 225, do you think any two people would pick the same number?

### Taking Chances

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

This article, for students and teachers, is mainly about probability, the mathematical way of looking at random chance and is a shorter version of Taking Chances Extended.

### What Do You Know about Probability? (2)

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

What are the likelihoods of different events when you roll a dice?

### Probability Resources

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

This set of resources for teachers offers interactive environments to support probability work at Key Stage 4.

### Odds and Evens

##### Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level:

Is this a fair game? How many ways are there of creating a fair game by adding odd and even numbers?

### Experimenting with Probability

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

This package contains environments that offer students the opportunity to move beyond an intuitive understanding of probability. The problems at the start will suit relative beginners to the topic;. . . .

### Fixing the Odds

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

You have two bags, four red balls and four white balls. You must put all the balls in the bags although you are allowed to have one bag empty. How should you distribute the balls between the two. . . .

### The Lady or the Lions

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

The King showed the Princess a map of the maze and the Princess was allowed to decide which room she would wait in. She was not allowed to send a copy to her lover who would have to guess which path. . . .

### Football World Cup Simulation

##### Stage: 2, 3 and 4 Challenge Level:

A maths-based Football World Cup simulation for teachers and students to use.

### The Random World

##### Stage: 3, 4 and 5

Think that a coin toss is 50-50 heads or tails? Read on to appreciate the ever-changing and random nature of the world in which we live.

### Cosy Corner

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Six balls of various colours are randomly shaken into a trianglular arrangement. What is the probability of having at least one red in the corner?

### Bet You a Million

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Heads or Tails - the prize doubles until you win it. How much would you pay to play?

### Two's Company

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

7 balls are shaken in a container. You win if the two blue balls touch. What is the probability of winning?

### Interactive Spinners

##### Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level:

This interactivity invites you to make conjectures and explore probabilities of outcomes related to two independent events.

### Win or Lose?

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

A gambler bets half the money in his pocket on the toss of a coin, winning an equal amount for a head and losing his money if the result is a tail. After 2n plays he has won exactly n times. Has. . . .

### Tools for Thinking about Probability

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Can you design your own probability scale?
How do you describe the different parts?