In this problem, we're investigating the number of steps we would climb up or down to get out of or into the swimming pool. How could you number the steps below the water?

How could you estimate the number of pencils/pens in these pictures?

25 students are queuing in a straight line. How many are there between Julia and Jenny?

Buzzy Bee was building a honeycomb. She decided to decorate the honeycomb with a pattern using numbers. Can you discover Buzzy's pattern and fill in the empty cells for her?

Place the numbers 1 to 8 in the circles so that no consecutive numbers are joined by a line.

Can you use the numbers on the dice to reach your end of the number line before your partner beats you?

What could these drawings, found in a cave in Spain, represent?

In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the number line first?

Lee was writing all the counting numbers from 1 to 20. She stopped for a rest after writing seventeen digits. What was the last number she wrote?

Can you find a path from a number at the top of this network to the bottom which goes through each number from 1 to 9 once and once only?

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

A magician took a suit of thirteen cards and held them in his hand face down. Every card he revealed had the same value as the one he had just finished spelling. How did this work?

Exactly 195 digits have been used to number the pages in a book. How many pages does the book have?

Incey Wincey Spider game for an adult and child. Will Incey get to the top of the drainpipe?

Find the words hidden inside each of the circles by counting around a certain number of spaces to find each letter in turn.

This is a game in which your counters move in a spiral round the snail's shell. It is about understanding tens and units.

In this problem it is not the squares that jump, you do the jumping! The idea is to go round the track in as few jumps as possible.

You'll need two dice to play this game against a partner. Will Incey Wincey make it to the top of the drain pipe or the bottom of the drain pipe first?

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

There are three versions of this challenge. The idea is to change the colour of all the spots on the grid. Can you do it in fewer throws of the dice?

Here is a version of the game 'Happy Families' for you to make and play.

In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?

In how many ways could Mrs Beeswax put ten coins into her three puddings so that each pudding ended up with at least two coins?

Some children were playing a game. Make a graph or picture to show how many ladybirds each child had.

A game for two people, who take turns to move the counters. The player to remove the last counter from the board wins.

Solve this Sudoku puzzle whose clues are in the form of sums of the numbers which should appear in diagonal opposite cells.

Imagine a pyramid which is built in square layers of small cubes. If we number the cubes from the top, starting with 1, can you picture which cubes are directly below this first cube?

Investigate the different ways these aliens count in this challenge. You could start by thinking about how each of them would write our number 7.

How many legs do each of these creatures have? How many pairs is that?

Use five steps to count forwards or backwards in 1s or 10s to get to 50. What strategies did you use?

If you have ten counters numbered 1 to 10, how many can you put into pairs that add to 10? Which ones do you have to leave out? Why?

An activity centred around observations of dots and how we visualise number arrangement patterns.

This problem challenges you to find out how many odd numbers there are between pairs of numbers. Can you find a pair of numbers that has four odds between them?

Can you work out how to win this game of Nim? Does it matter if you go first or second?

Can you each work out the number on your card? What do you notice? How could you sort the cards?

Jack's mum bought some candles to use on his birthday cakes and when his sister was born, she used them on her cakes too. Can you use the information to find out when Kate was born?

Daisy and Akram were making number patterns. Daisy was using beads that looked like flowers and Akram was using cube bricks. First they were counting in twos.

This article for teachers describes a project which explores thepower of storytelling to convey concepts and ideas to children.

Helen Joyce interviews the neuropsychologist Brian Butterworth whose research has shown that we are all born with a "built-in" sense of cardinal number.

Can you deduce the pattern that has been used to lay out these bottle tops?