Can you prove this formula for finding the area of a quadrilateral from its diagonals?
Investigate the properties of quadrilaterals which can be drawn
with a circle just touching each side and another circle just
touching each vertex.
A farmer has a field which is the shape of a trapezium as
illustrated below. To increase his profits he wishes to grow two
different crops. To do this he would like to divide the field into
two. . . .
Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make
their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?
If I print this page which shape will require the more yellow ink?
A trapezium is divided into four triangles by its diagonals.
Suppose the two triangles containing the parallel sides have areas
a and b, what is the area of the trapezium?
If the base of a rectangle is increased by 10% and the area is
unchanged, by what percentage (exactly) is the width decreased by ?
Three rods of different lengths form three sides of an enclosure
with right angles between them. What arrangement maximises the area
Four quadrants are drawn centred at the vertices of a square . Find
the area of the central region bounded by the four arcs.
Can you choose your units so that a cube has the same numerical value for it volume, surface area and total edge length?
Can you find a general rule for finding the areas of equilateral
triangles drawn on an isometric grid?
Draw two circles, each of radius 1 unit, so that each circle goes
through the centre of the other one. What is the area of the
The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is, satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle with a unit radius?
Triangle ABC is right angled at A and semi circles are drawn on all three sides producing two 'crescents'. Show that the sum of the areas of the two crescents equals the area of triangle ABC.
Determine the total shaded area of the 'kissing triangles'.
ABC and DEF are equilateral triangles of side 3 and 4 respectively. Construct an equilateral triangle whose area is the sum of the area of ABC and DEF.
Six circular discs are packed in different-shaped boxes so that the
discs touch their neighbours and the sides of the box. Can you put
the boxes in order according to the areas of their bases?
This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship
between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on
AB as diameter?
Straight lines are drawn from each corner of a square to the mid
points of the opposite sides. Express the area of the octagon that
is formed at the centre as a fraction of the area of the square.
Which has the greatest area, a circle or a square inscribed in an
isosceles, right angle triangle?
A square of area 40 square cms is inscribed in a semicircle. Find
the area of the square that could be inscribed in a circle of the
What is the same and what is different about these circle
questions? What connections can you make?
Make an eight by eight square, the layout is the same as a
chessboard. You can print out and use the square below. What is the
area of the square? Divide the square in the way shown by the red
dashed. . . .
Cut off three right angled isosceles triangles to produce a
pentagon. With two lines, cut the pentagon into three parts which
can be rearranged into another square.
Can you show that you can share a square pizza equally between two
people by cutting it four times using vertical, horizontal and
diagonal cuts through any point inside the square?
What happens to the area and volume of 2D and 3D shapes when you
Derive a formula for finding the area of any kite.
Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?
A hallway floor is tiled and each tile is one foot square. Given
that the number of tiles around the perimeter is EXACTLY half the
total number of tiles, find the possible dimensions of the hallway.
Take any rectangle ABCD such that AB > BC. The point P is on AB
and Q is on CD. Show that there is exactly one position of P and Q
such that APCQ is a rhombus.
Can you maximise the area available to a grazing goat?
How efficiently can you pack together disks?
Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?
Polygons drawn on square dotty paper have dots on their perimeter
(p) and often internal (i) ones as well. Find a relationship
between p, i and the area of the polygons.
The diagonals of a trapezium divide it into four parts. Can you
create a trapezium where three of those parts are equal in area?
Do you know how to find the area of a triangle? You can count the
squares. What happens if we turn the triangle on end? Press the
button and see. Try counting the number of units in the triangle
now. . . .
Prove that a triangle with sides of length 5, 5 and 6 has the same area as a triangle with sides of length 5, 5 and 8. Find other pairs of non-congruent isosceles triangles which have equal areas.
What is the shape and dimensions of a box that will contain six cups and have as small a surface area as possible.
Which is a better fit, a square peg in a round hole or a round peg
in a square hole?
It is possible to dissect any square into smaller squares. What is
the minimum number of squares a 13 by 13 square can be dissected
I'm thinking of a rectangle with an area of 24. What could its perimeter be?
Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle ABCD. A circle passing through points ABCD carves out four crescent-shaped regions. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to. . . .
Investigate the different ways of cutting a perfectly circular pie into equal pieces using exactly 3 cuts. The cuts have to be along chords of the circle (which might be diameters).
Can you work out the area of the inner square and give an
explanation of how you did it?
Three squares are drawn on the sides of a triangle ABC. Their areas
are respectively 18 000, 20 000 and 26 000 square centimetres. If
the outer vertices of the squares are joined, three more. . . .
Given a square ABCD of sides 10 cm, and using the corners as
centres, construct four quadrants with radius 10 cm each inside the
square. The four arcs intersect at P, Q, R and S. Find the. . . .
How have "Warmsnug" arrived at the prices shown on their windows? Which window has been given an incorrect price?
What is the area of the quadrilateral APOQ? Working on the building
blocks will give you some insights that may help you to work it
In this problem we are faced with an apparently easy area problem,
but it has gone horribly wrong! What happened?
What is the ratio of the area of a square inscribed in a semicircle to the area of the square inscribed in the entire circle?