The diagonals of a trapezium divide it into four parts. Can you
create a trapezium where three of those parts are equal in area?
If I print this page which shape will require the more yellow ink?
Can you maximise the area available to a grazing goat?
Straight lines are drawn from each corner of a square to the mid
points of the opposite sides. Express the area of the octagon that
is formed at the centre as a fraction of the area of the square.
A trapezium is divided into four triangles by its diagonals.
Suppose the two triangles containing the parallel sides have areas
a and b, what is the area of the trapezium?
Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make
their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?
A farmer has a field which is the shape of a trapezium as
illustrated below. To increase his profits he wishes to grow two
different crops. To do this he would like to divide the field into
two. . . .
Investigate the properties of quadrilaterals which can be drawn
with a circle just touching each side and another circle just
touching each vertex.
Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?
I'm thinking of a rectangle with an area of 24. What could its perimeter be?
How can you change the area of a shape but keep its perimeter the same? How can you change the perimeter but keep the area the same?
Prove that a triangle with sides of length 5, 5 and 6 has the same area as a triangle with sides of length 5, 5 and 8. Find other pairs of non-congruent isosceles triangles which have equal areas.
Three rods of different lengths form three sides of an enclosure
with right angles between them. What arrangement maximises the area
In the four examples below identical squares of side one unit contain some circles shaded blue. In which of the four examples is the shaded area greatest?
Triangle ABC is right angled at A and semi circles are drawn on all three sides producing two 'crescents'. Show that the sum of the areas of the two crescents equals the area of triangle ABC.
Four quadrants are drawn centred at the vertices of a square . Find
the area of the central region bounded by the four arcs.
Can you choose your units so that a cube has the same numerical value for it volume, surface area and total edge length?
Points P, Q, R and S each divide the sides AB, BC, CD and DA respectively in the ratio of 2 : 1. Join the points. What is the area of the parallelogram PQRS in relation to the original rectangle?
A square of area 40 square cms is inscribed in a semicircle. Find
the area of the square that could be inscribed in a circle of the
It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but
what if they were tilted?
If you have only 40 metres of fencing available, what is the maximum area of land you can fence off?
What is the same and what is different about these circle
questions? What connections can you make?
What happens to the area and volume of 2D and 3D shapes when you
A circle is inscribed in a triangle which has side lengths of 8, 15
and 17 cm. What is the radius of the circle?
Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?
The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is,
satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in
a circle with a unit radius?
Can you find rectangles where the value of the area is the same as the value of the perimeter?
Polygons drawn on square dotty paper have dots on their perimeter
(p) and often internal (i) ones as well. Find a relationship
between p, i and the area of the polygons.
If the base of a rectangle is increased by 10% and the area is
unchanged, by what percentage (exactly) is the width decreased by ?
What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?
Draw two circles, each of radius 1 unit, so that each circle goes
through the centre of the other one. What is the area of the
Can you work out the area of the inner square and give an
explanation of how you did it?
Which has the greatest area, a circle or a square inscribed in an
isosceles, right angle triangle?
What fractions of the largest circle are the two shaded regions?
Prove that the area of a quadrilateral is given by half the product of the lengths of the diagonals multiplied by the sine of the angle between the diagonals.
In this problem we are faced with an apparently easy area problem,
but it has gone horribly wrong! What happened?
Follow the instructions and you can take a rectangle, cut it into 4 pieces, discard two small triangles, put together the remaining two pieces and end up with a rectangle the same size. Try it!
It is possible to dissect any square into smaller squares. What is
the minimum number of squares a 13 by 13 square can be dissected
Is it possible to remove ten unit cubes from a 3 by 3 by 3 cube made from 27 unit cubes so that the surface area of the remaining solid is the same as the surface area of the original 3 by 3 by 3. . . .
Which is a better fit, a square peg in a round hole or a round peg
in a square hole?
Take any rectangle ABCD such that AB > BC. The point P is on AB
and Q is on CD. Show that there is exactly one position of P and Q
such that APCQ is a rhombus.
How have "Warmsnug" arrived at the prices shown on their windows? Which window has been given an incorrect price?
Determine the total shaded area of the 'kissing triangles'.
Explore one of these five pictures.
A follow-up activity to Tiles in the Garden.
Bluey-green, white and transparent squares with a few odd bits of
shapes around the perimeter. But, how many squares are there of
each type in the complete circle? Study the picture and make. . . .
Three squares are drawn on the sides of a triangle ABC. Their areas
are respectively 18 000, 20 000 and 26 000 square centimetres. If
the outer vertices of the squares are joined, three more. . . .
What is the area of the quadrilateral APOQ? Working on the building
blocks will give you some insights that may help you to work it
You have a 12 by 9 foot carpet with an 8 by 1 foot hole exactly in
the middle. Cut the carpet into two pieces to make a 10 by 10 foot
Draw some isosceles triangles with an area of $9$cm$^2$ and a vertex at (20,20). If all the vertices must have whole number coordinates, how many is it possible to draw?