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Broad Topics > Measures and Mensuration > Area

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Dividing the Field

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

A farmer has a field which is the shape of a trapezium as illustrated below. To increase his profits he wishes to grow two different crops. To do this he would like to divide the field into two. . . .

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Same Height

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

A trapezium is divided into four triangles by its diagonals. Suppose the two triangles containing the parallel sides have areas a and b, what is the area of the trapezium?

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Crescents and Triangles

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Triangle ABC is right angled at A and semi circles are drawn on all three sides producing two 'crescents'. Show that the sum of the areas of the two crescents equals the area of triangle ABC.

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Diagonals for Area

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Prove that the area of a quadrilateral is given by half the product of the lengths of the diagonals multiplied by the sine of the angle between the diagonals.

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Percentage Unchanged

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

If the base of a rectangle is increased by 10% and the area is unchanged, by what percentage (exactly) is the width decreased by ?

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Bicentric Quadrilaterals

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Investigate the properties of quadrilaterals which can be drawn with a circle just touching each side and another circle just touching each vertex.

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Bound to Be

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Four quadrants are drawn centred at the vertices of a square . Find the area of the central region bounded by the four arcs.

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Partly Circles

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

What is the same and what is different about these circle questions? What connections can you make?

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From All Corners

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Straight lines are drawn from each corner of a square to the mid points of the opposite sides. Express the area of the octagon that is formed at the centre as a fraction of the area of the square.

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Uniform Units

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Can you choose your units so that a cube has the same numerical value for it volume, surface area and total edge length?

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Two Circles

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Draw two circles, each of radius 1 unit, so that each circle goes through the centre of the other one. What is the area of the overlap?

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Gutter

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?

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Two Shapes & Printer Ink

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

If I print this page which shape will require the more yellow ink?

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Compare Areas

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Which has the greatest area, a circle or a square inscribed in an isosceles, right angle triangle?

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Semi-detached

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

A square of area 40 square cms is inscribed in a semicircle. Find the area of the square that could be inscribed in a circle of the same radius.

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Max Box

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Three rods of different lengths form three sides of an enclosure with right angles between them. What arrangement maximises the area

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Perimeter Possibilities

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

I'm thinking of a rectangle with an area of 24. What could its perimeter be?

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Of All the Areas

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can you find a general rule for finding the areas of equilateral triangles drawn on an isometric grid?

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Can They Be Equal?

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Can you find rectangles where the value of the area is the same as the value of the perimeter?

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Trapezium Four

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

The diagonals of a trapezium divide it into four parts. Can you create a trapezium where three of those parts are equal in area?

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Growing Rectangles

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

What happens to the area and volume of 2D and 3D shapes when you enlarge them?

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Circle-in

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

A circle is inscribed in a triangle which has side lengths of 8, 15 and 17 cm. What is the radius of the circle?

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Warmsnug Double Glazing

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

How have "Warmsnug" arrived at the prices shown on their windows? Which window has been given an incorrect price?

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Quadarc

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Given a square ABCD of sides 10 cm, and using the corners as centres, construct four quadrants with radius 10 cm each inside the square. The four arcs intersect at P, Q, R and S. Find the. . . .

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Changing Areas, Changing Perimeters

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

How can you change the area of a shape but keep its perimeter the same? How can you change the perimeter but keep the area the same?

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Squ-areas

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Three squares are drawn on the sides of a triangle ABC. Their areas are respectively 18 000, 20 000 and 26 000 square centimetres. If the outer vertices of the squares are joined, three more. . . .

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Six Discs

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Six circular discs are packed in different-shaped boxes so that the discs touch their neighbours and the sides of the box. Can you put the boxes in order according to the areas of their bases?

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Doesn't Add Up

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

In this problem we are faced with an apparently easy area problem, but it has gone horribly wrong! What happened?

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Salinon

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

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The Pi Are Square

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

A circle with the radius of 2.2 centimetres is drawn touching the sides of a square. What area of the square is NOT covered by the circle?

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Exploration Versus Calculation

Stage: 1, 2 and 3

This article, written for teachers, discusses the merits of different kinds of resources: those which involve exploration and those which centre on calculation.

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Towers

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

A tower of squares is built inside a right angled isosceles triangle. The largest square stands on the hypotenuse. What fraction of the area of the triangle is covered by the series of squares?

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Pick's Theorem

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Polygons drawn on square dotty paper have dots on their perimeter (p) and often internal (i) ones as well. Find a relationship between p, i and the area of the polygons.

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Lying and Cheating

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Follow the instructions and you can take a rectangle, cut it into 4 pieces, discard two small triangles, put together the remaining two pieces and end up with a rectangle the same size. Try it!

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Inscribed in a Circle

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is, satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle with a unit radius?

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Cylinder Cutting

Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

An activity for high-attaining learners which involves making a new cylinder from a cardboard tube.

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Tilted Squares

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but what if they were tilted?

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Rhombus in Rectangle

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Take any rectangle ABCD such that AB > BC. The point P is on AB and Q is on CD. Show that there is exactly one position of P and Q such that APCQ is a rhombus.

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Curvy Areas

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?

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Isosceles

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Prove that a triangle with sides of length 5, 5 and 6 has the same area as a triangle with sides of length 5, 5 and 8. Find other pairs of non-congruent isosceles triangles which have equal areas.

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Making Rectangles

Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

A task which depends on members of the group noticing the needs of others and responding.

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Hallway Borders

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

A hallway floor is tiled and each tile is one foot square. Given that the number of tiles around the perimeter is EXACTLY half the total number of tiles, find the possible dimensions of the hallway.

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Equilateral Areas

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

ABC and DEF are equilateral triangles of side 3 and 4 respectively. Construct an equilateral triangle whose area is the sum of the area of ABC and DEF.

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Covering Cups

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

What is the shape and dimensions of a box that will contain six cups and have as small a surface area as possible.

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Carpet Cuts

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

You have a 12 by 9 foot carpet with an 8 by 1 foot hole exactly in the middle. Cut the carpet into two pieces to make a 10 by 10 foot square carpet.

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The Pillar of Chios

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle ABCD. A circle passing through points ABCD carves out four crescent-shaped regions. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to. . . .

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Pie Cuts

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Investigate the different ways of cutting a perfectly circular pie into equal pieces using exactly 3 cuts. The cuts have to be along chords of the circle (which might be diameters).

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F'arc'tion

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

At the corner of the cube circular arcs are drawn and the area enclosed shaded. What fraction of the surface area of the cube is shaded? Try working out the answer without recourse to pencil and. . . .

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Take a Square

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Cut off three right angled isosceles triangles to produce a pentagon. With two lines, cut the pentagon into three parts which can be rearranged into another square.

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Square Pegs

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Which is a better fit, a square peg in a round hole or a round peg in a square hole?