A trapezium is divided into four triangles by its diagonals.
Suppose the two triangles containing the parallel sides have areas
a and b, what is the area of the trapezium?
A farmer has a field which is the shape of a trapezium as
illustrated below. To increase his profits he wishes to grow two
different crops. To do this he would like to divide the field into
two. . . .
If the base of a rectangle is increased by 10% and the area is
unchanged, by what percentage (exactly) is the width decreased by ?
Four quadrants are drawn centred at the vertices of a square . Find
the area of the central region bounded by the four arcs.
Straight lines are drawn from each corner of a square to the mid
points of the opposite sides. Express the area of the octagon that
is formed at the centre as a fraction of the area of the square.
Prove that the area of a quadrilateral is given by half the product of the lengths of the diagonals multiplied by the sine of the angle between the diagonals.
Investigate the properties of quadrilaterals which can be drawn
with a circle just touching each side and another circle just
touching each vertex.
Triangle ABC is right angled at A and semi circles are drawn on all three sides producing two 'crescents'. Show that the sum of the areas of the two crescents equals the area of triangle ABC.
Draw two circles, each of radius 1 unit, so that each circle goes
through the centre of the other one. What is the area of the
What is the same and what is different about these circle
questions? What connections can you make?
Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make
their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?
Can you choose your units so that a cube has the same numerical value for it volume, surface area and total edge length?
If I print this page which shape will require the more yellow ink?
The diagonals of a trapezium divide it into four parts. Can you
create a trapezium where three of those parts are equal in area?
Six circular discs are packed in different-shaped boxes so that the
discs touch their neighbours and the sides of the box. Can you put
the boxes in order according to the areas of their bases?
A circle is inscribed in a triangle which has side lengths of 8, 15
and 17 cm. What is the radius of the circle?
Can you find rectangles where the value of the area is the same as the value of the perimeter?
ABC and DEF are equilateral triangles of side 3 and 4 respectively. Construct an equilateral triangle whose area is the sum of the area of ABC and DEF.
Can you find a general rule for finding the areas of equilateral
triangles drawn on an isometric grid?
Which has the greatest area, a circle or a square inscribed in an
isosceles, right angle triangle?
How have "Warmsnug" arrived at the prices shown on their windows? Which window has been given an incorrect price?
Given a square ABCD of sides 10 cm, and using the corners as
centres, construct four quadrants with radius 10 cm each inside the
square. The four arcs intersect at P, Q, R and S. Find the. . . .
Three rods of different lengths form three sides of an enclosure
with right angles between them. What arrangement maximises the area
I'm thinking of a rectangle with an area of 24. What could its perimeter be?
In this problem we are faced with an apparently easy area problem,
but it has gone horribly wrong! What happened?
How can you change the area of a shape but keep its perimeter the same? How can you change the perimeter but keep the area the same?
What happens to the area and volume of 2D and 3D shapes when you
A hallway floor is tiled and each tile is one foot square. Given
that the number of tiles around the perimeter is EXACTLY half the
total number of tiles, find the possible dimensions of the hallway.
This article, written for teachers, discusses the merits of different kinds of resources: those which involve exploration and those which centre on calculation.
This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship
between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on
AB as diameter?
A tower of squares is built inside a right angled isosceles
triangle. The largest square stands on the hypotenuse. What
fraction of the area of the triangle is covered by the series of
Prove that a triangle with sides of length 5, 5 and 6 has the same area as a triangle with sides of length 5, 5 and 8. Find other pairs of non-congruent isosceles triangles which have equal areas.
An activity for high-attaining learners which involves making a new cylinder from a cardboard tube.
A task which depends on members of the group noticing the needs of
others and responding.
Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?
Explore one of these five pictures.
A follow-up activity to Tiles in the Garden.
It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but
what if they were tilted?
A circle with the radius of 2.2 centimetres is drawn touching the sides of a square. What area of the square is NOT covered by the circle?
Polygons drawn on square dotty paper have dots on their perimeter
(p) and often internal (i) ones as well. Find a relationship
between p, i and the area of the polygons.
Take any rectangle ABCD such that AB > BC. The point P is on AB
and Q is on CD. Show that there is exactly one position of P and Q
such that APCQ is a rhombus.
Follow the instructions and you can take a rectangle, cut it into 4 pieces, discard two small triangles, put together the remaining two pieces and end up with a rectangle the same size. Try it!
The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is,
satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in
a circle with a unit radius?
A square of area 40 square cms is inscribed in a semicircle. Find
the area of the square that could be inscribed in a circle of the
Investigate how this pattern of squares continues. You could
measure lengths, areas and angles.
Cut off three right angled isosceles triangles to produce a
pentagon. With two lines, cut the pentagon into three parts which
can be rearranged into another square.
A white cross is placed symmetrically in a red disc with the central square of side length sqrt 2 and the arms of the cross of length 1 unit. What is the area of the disc still showing?
You have a 12 by 9 foot carpet with an 8 by 1 foot hole exactly in
the middle. Cut the carpet into two pieces to make a 10 by 10 foot
Can you work out the area of the inner square and give an
explanation of how you did it?
Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle ABCD. A circle passing through points ABCD carves out four crescent-shaped regions. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to. . . .