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Broad Topics > Measures and Mensuration > Area

Rati-o

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Points P, Q, R and S each divide the sides AB, BC, CD and DA respectively in the ratio of 2 : 1. Join the points. What is the area of the parallelogram PQRS in relation to the original rectangle?

Framed

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Seven small rectangular pictures have one inch wide frames. The frames are removed and the pictures are fitted together like a jigsaw to make a rectangle of length 12 inches. Find the dimensions of. . . .

An Unusual Shape

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Can you maximise the area available to a grazing goat?

Muggles Magic

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

You can move the 4 pieces of the jigsaw and fit them into both outlines. Explain what has happened to the missing one unit of area.

Take Ten

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Is it possible to remove ten unit cubes from a 3 by 3 by 3 cube made from 27 unit cubes so that the surface area of the remaining solid is the same as the surface area of the original 3 by 3 by 3. . . .

Dissect

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

It is possible to dissect any square into smaller squares. What is the minimum number of squares a 13 by 13 square can be dissected into?

Poly-puzzle

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

This rectangle is cut into five pieces which fit exactly into a triangular outline and also into a square outline where the triangle, the rectangle and the square have equal areas.

Square Areas

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Can you work out the area of the inner square and give an explanation of how you did it?

Shear Magic

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?

Disappearing Square

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Do you know how to find the area of a triangle? You can count the squares. What happens if we turn the triangle on end? Press the button and see. Try counting the number of units in the triangle now. . . .

Tilted Squares

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but what if they were tilted?

Semi-square

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

What is the ratio of the area of a square inscribed in a semicircle to the area of the square inscribed in the entire circle?

Bull's Eye

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

What fractions of the largest circle are the two shaded regions?

The Pillar of Chios

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle ABCD. A circle passing through points ABCD carves out four crescent-shaped regions. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to. . . .

Can They Be Equal?

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Can you find rectangles where the value of the area is the same as the value of the perimeter?

The Pi Are Square

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

A circle with the radius of 2.2 centimetres is drawn touching the sides of a square. What area of the square is NOT covered by the circle?

Curvy Areas

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?

Overlap

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

A red square and a blue square overlap so that the corner of the red square rests on the centre of the blue square. Show that, whatever the orientation of the red square, it covers a quarter of the. . . .

Fence It

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

If you have only 40 metres of fencing available, what is the maximum area of land you can fence off?

Isosceles Triangles

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Draw some isosceles triangles with an area of $9$cm$^2$ and a vertex at (20,20). If all the vertices must have whole number coordinates, how many is it possible to draw?

Appearing Square

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Make an eight by eight square, the layout is the same as a chessboard. You can print out and use the square below. What is the area of the square? Divide the square in the way shown by the red dashed. . . .

Lying and Cheating

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Follow the instructions and you can take a rectangle, cut it into 4 pieces, discard two small triangles, put together the remaining two pieces and end up with a rectangle the same size. Try it!

Rhombus in Rectangle

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Take any rectangle ABCD such that AB > BC. The point P is on AB and Q is on CD. Show that there is exactly one position of P and Q such that APCQ is a rhombus.

Hallway Borders

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

A hallway floor is tiled and each tile is one foot square. Given that the number of tiles around the perimeter is EXACTLY half the total number of tiles, find the possible dimensions of the hallway.

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

In this problem we are faced with an apparently easy area problem, but it has gone horribly wrong! What happened?

Pick's Theorem

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Polygons drawn on square dotty paper have dots on their perimeter (p) and often internal (i) ones as well. Find a relationship between p, i and the area of the polygons.

Changing Areas, Changing Perimeters

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

How can you change the area of a shape but keep its perimeter the same? How can you change the perimeter but keep the area the same?

Great Squares

Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level:

Investigate how this pattern of squares continues. You could measure lengths, areas and angles.

Trapezium Four

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

The diagonals of a trapezium divide it into four parts. Can you create a trapezium where three of those parts are equal in area?

Inscribed in a Circle

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is, satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle with a unit radius?

Cylinder Cutting

Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level:

An activity for high-attaining learners which involves making a new cylinder from a cardboard tube.

Efficient Packing

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

How efficiently can you pack together disks?

Growing Rectangles

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

What happens to the area and volume of 2D and 3D shapes when you enlarge them?

Semi-detached

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

A square of area 40 square cms is inscribed in a semicircle. Find the area of the square that could be inscribed in a circle of the same radius.

Extending Great Squares

Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level:

Explore one of these five pictures.

Exploration Versus Calculation

Stage: 1, 2 and 3

This article, written for teachers, discusses the merits of different kinds of resources: those which involve exploration and those which centre on calculation.

Salinon

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

Equilateral Areas

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

ABC and DEF are equilateral triangles of side 3 and 4 respectively. Construct an equilateral triangle whose area is the sum of the area of ABC and DEF.

Isosceles

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Prove that a triangle with sides of length 5, 5 and 6 has the same area as a triangle with sides of length 5, 5 and 8. Find other pairs of non-congruent isosceles triangles which have equal areas.

Towers

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

A tower of squares is built inside a right angled isosceles triangle. The largest square stands on the hypotenuse. What fraction of the area of the triangle is covered by the series of squares?

Crescents and Triangles

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Triangle ABC is right angled at A and semi circles are drawn on all three sides producing two 'crescents'. Show that the sum of the areas of the two crescents equals the area of triangle ABC.

Compare Areas

Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Which has the greatest area, a circle or a square inscribed in an isosceles, right angle triangle?

Square Pegs

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Which is a better fit, a square peg in a round hole or a round peg in a square hole?

Kissing Triangles

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Determine the total shaded area of the 'kissing triangles'.

Tiling Into Slanted Rectangles

Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level:

A follow-up activity to Tiles in the Garden.

Perimeter Possibilities

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

I'm thinking of a rectangle with an area of 24. What could its perimeter be?

Warmsnug Double Glazing

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

How have "Warmsnug" arrived at the prices shown on their windows? Which window has been given an incorrect price?

Kite

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Derive a formula for finding the area of any kite.

Pie Cuts

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Investigate the different ways of cutting a perfectly circular pie into equal pieces using exactly 3 cuts. The cuts have to be along chords of the circle (which might be diameters).

Carpet Cuts

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

You have a 12 by 9 foot carpet with an 8 by 1 foot hole exactly in the middle. Cut the carpet into two pieces to make a 10 by 10 foot square carpet.