An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.

How many ways can you find of tiling the square patio, using square tiles of different sizes?

Can you help the children find the two triangles which have the lengths of two sides numerically equal to their areas?

What is the smallest number of tiles needed to tile this patio? Can you investigate patios of different sizes?

These rectangles have been torn. How many squares did each one have inside it before it was ripped?

What is the largest 'ribbon square' you can make? And the smallest? How many different squares can you make altogether?

In this game for two players, you throw two dice and find the product. How many shapes can you draw on the grid which have that area or perimeter?

This practical challenge invites you to investigate the different squares you can make on a square geoboard or pegboard.

Use the interactivity to find all the different right-angled triangles you can make by just moving one corner of the starting triangle.

Can you draw a square in which the perimeter is numerically equal to the area?

Investigate all the different squares you can make on this 5 by 5 grid by making your starting side go from the bottom left hand point. Can you find out the areas of all these squares?

Cut differently-sized square corners from a square piece of paper to make boxes without lids. Do they all have the same volume?

A thoughtful shepherd used bales of straw to protect the area around his lambs. Explore how you can arrange the bales.

These practical challenges are all about making a 'tray' and covering it with paper.

My local DIY shop calculates the price of its windows according to the area of glass and the length of frame used. Can you work out how they arrived at these prices?

Investigate the area of 'slices' cut off this cube of cheese. What would happen if you had different-sized block of cheese to start with?

Here are many ideas for you to investigate - all linked with the number 2000.

If I use 12 green tiles to represent my lawn, how many different ways could I arrange them? How many border tiles would I need each time?

How many centimetres of rope will I need to make another mat just like the one I have here?

Nine squares with side lengths 1, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, and 18 cm can be fitted together to form a rectangle. What are the dimensions of the rectangle?

I cut this square into two different shapes. What can you say about the relationship between them?

These pictures were made by starting with a square, finding the half-way point on each side and joining those points up. You could investigate your own starting shape.

What is the largest number of circles we can fit into the frame without them overlapping? How do you know? What will happen if you try the other shapes?

What happens to the area of a square if you double the length of the sides? Try the same thing with rectangles, diamonds and other shapes. How do the four smaller ones fit into the larger one?

Arrange your fences to make the largest rectangular space you can. Try with four fences, then five, then six etc.

This article for teachers gives some food for thought when teaching ideas about area.

What shape has Harry drawn on this clock face? Can you find its area? What is the largest number of square tiles that could cover this area?

Have a good look at these images. Can you describe what is happening? There are plenty more images like this on NRICH's Exploring Squares CD.

The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is, satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle with a unit radius?

Draw some isosceles triangles with an area of $9$cm$^2$ and a vertex at (20,20). If all the vertices must have whole number coordinates, how many is it possible to draw?

It is possible to dissect any square into smaller squares. What is the minimum number of squares a 13 by 13 square can be dissected into?

Look at the mathematics that is all around us - this circular window is a wonderful example.

You have pitched your tent (the red triangle) on an island. Can you move it to the position shown by the purple triangle making sure you obey the rules?

How have "Warmsnug" arrived at the prices shown on their windows? Which window has been given an incorrect price?

Choose a box and work out the smallest rectangle of paper needed to wrap it so that it is completely covered.

A follow-up activity to Tiles in the Garden.

Grandpa was measuring a rug using yards, feet and inches. Can you help William to work out its area?

Place four pebbles on the sand in the form of a square. Keep adding as few pebbles as necessary to double the area. How many extra pebbles are added each time?

This rectangle is cut into five pieces which fit exactly into a triangular outline and also into a square outline where the triangle, the rectangle and the square have equal areas.

If you have only 40 metres of fencing available, what is the maximum area of land you can fence off?

Seven small rectangular pictures have one inch wide frames. The frames are removed and the pictures are fitted together like a jigsaw to make a rectangle of length 12 inches. Find the dimensions of. . . .

What do these two triangles have in common? How are they related?

Points P, Q, R and S each divide the sides AB, BC, CD and DA respectively in the ratio of 2 : 1. Join the points. What is the area of the parallelogram PQRS in relation to the original rectangle?

Explore this interactivity and see if you can work out what it does. Could you use it to estimate the area of a shape?

Polygons drawn on square dotty paper have dots on their perimeter (p) and often internal (i) ones as well. Find a relationship between p, i and the area of the polygons.

It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but what if they were tilted?

Investigate how this pattern of squares continues. You could measure lengths, areas and angles.