Which is a better fit, a square peg in a round hole or a round peg in a square hole?

Can you work out the area of the inner square and give an explanation of how you did it?

Prove that a triangle with sides of length 5, 5 and 6 has the same area as a triangle with sides of length 5, 5 and 8. Find other pairs of non-congruent isosceles triangles which have equal areas.

A circle with the radius of 2.2 centimetres is drawn touching the sides of a square. What area of the square is NOT covered by the circle?

Follow the instructions and you can take a rectangle, cut it into 4 pieces, discard two small triangles, put together the remaining two pieces and end up with a rectangle the same size. Try it!

It is possible to dissect any square into smaller squares. What is the minimum number of squares a 13 by 13 square can be dissected into?

Make an eight by eight square, the layout is the same as a chessboard. You can print out and use the square below. What is the area of the square? Divide the square in the way shown by the red dashed. . . .

What fractions of the largest circle are the two shaded regions?

Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle ABCD. A circle passing through points ABCD carves out four crescent-shaped regions. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to. . . .

Investigate the different ways of cutting a perfectly circular pie into equal pieces using exactly 3 cuts. The cuts have to be along chords of the circle (which might be diameters).

Investigate how this pattern of squares continues. You could measure lengths, areas and angles.

A tower of squares is built inside a right angled isosceles triangle. The largest square stands on the hypotenuse. What fraction of the area of the triangle is covered by the series of squares?

Determine the total shaded area of the 'kissing triangles'.

It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but what if they were tilted?

The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is, satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle with a unit radius?

How would you move the bands on the pegboard to alter these shapes?

What is the total area of the four outside triangles which are outlined in red in this arrangement of squares inside each other?

Points P, Q, R and S each divide the sides AB, BC, CD and DA respectively in the ratio of 2 : 1. Join the points. What is the area of the parallelogram PQRS in relation to the original rectangle?

A hallway floor is tiled and each tile is one foot square. Given that the number of tiles around the perimeter is EXACTLY half the total number of tiles, find the possible dimensions of the hallway.

Have a good look at these images. Can you describe what is happening? There are plenty more images like this on NRICH's Exploring Squares CD.

What happens to the area and volume of 2D and 3D shapes when you enlarge them?

How can you change the area of a shape but keep its perimeter the same? How can you change the perimeter but keep the area the same?

A follow-up activity to Tiles in the Garden.

A task which depends on members of the group noticing the needs of others and responding.

Look at the mathematics that is all around us - this circular window is a wonderful example.

This article for teachers gives some food for thought when teaching ideas about area.

An activity for high-attaining learners which involves making a new cylinder from a cardboard tube.

Grandpa was measuring a rug using yards, feet and inches. Can you help William to work out its area?

This article, written for teachers, discusses the merits of different kinds of resources: those which involve exploration and those which centre on calculation.

At the corner of the cube circular arcs are drawn and the area enclosed shaded. What fraction of the surface area of the cube is shaded? Try working out the answer without recourse to pencil and. . . .

You can move the 4 pieces of the jigsaw and fit them into both outlines. Explain what has happened to the missing one unit of area.

Is it possible to remove ten unit cubes from a 3 by 3 by 3 cube made from 27 unit cubes so that the surface area of the remaining solid is the same as the surface area of the original 3 by 3 by 3. . . .

What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?

You have a 12 by 9 foot carpet with an 8 by 1 foot hole exactly in the middle. Cut the carpet into two pieces to make a 10 by 10 foot square carpet.

Bluey-green, white and transparent squares with a few odd bits of shapes around the perimeter. But, how many squares are there of each type in the complete circle? Study the picture and make. . . .

How have "Warmsnug" arrived at the prices shown on their windows? Which window has been given an incorrect price?

Do you know how to find the area of a triangle? You can count the squares. What happens if we turn the triangle on end? Press the button and see. Try counting the number of units in the triangle now. . . .

Seven small rectangular pictures have one inch wide frames. The frames are removed and the pictures are fitted together like a jigsaw to make a rectangle of length 12 inches. Find the dimensions of. . . .

You have pitched your tent (the red triangle) on an island. Can you move it to the position shown by the purple triangle making sure you obey the rules?

What is the shape and dimensions of a box that will contain six cups and have as small a surface area as possible.

This rectangle is cut into five pieces which fit exactly into a triangular outline and also into a square outline where the triangle, the rectangle and the square have equal areas.

I'm thinking of a rectangle with an area of 24. What could its perimeter be?

Investigate all the different squares you can make on this 5 by 5 grid by making your starting side go from the bottom left hand point. Can you find out the areas of all these squares?

Can you help the children find the two triangles which have the lengths of two sides numerically equal to their areas?

Place four pebbles on the sand in the form of a square. Keep adding as few pebbles as necessary to double the area. How many extra pebbles are added each time?

How many ways can you find of tiling the square patio, using square tiles of different sizes?

What is the smallest number of tiles needed to tile this patio? Can you investigate patios of different sizes?