An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

Identical squares of side one unit contain some circles shaded blue. In which of the four examples is the shaded area greatest?

What fractions of the largest circle are the two shaded regions?

What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.

Can you help the children find the two triangles which have the lengths of two sides numerically equal to their areas?

Place four pebbles on the sand in the form of a square. Keep adding as few pebbles as necessary to double the area. How many extra pebbles are added each time?

Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle ABCD. A circle passing through points ABCD carves out four crescent-shaped regions. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to. . . .

These rectangles have been torn. How many squares did each one have inside it before it was ripped?

Points P, Q, R and S each divide the sides AB, BC, CD and DA respectively in the ratio of 2 : 1. Join the points. What is the area of the parallelogram PQRS in relation to the original rectangle?

At the corner of the cube circular arcs are drawn and the area enclosed shaded. What fraction of the surface area of the cube is shaded? Try working out the answer without recourse to pencil and. . . .

What is the largest 'ribbon square' you can make? And the smallest? How many different squares can you make altogether?

Nine squares with side lengths 1, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, and 18 cm can be fitted together to form a rectangle. What are the dimensions of the rectangle?

What is the smallest number of tiles needed to tile this patio? Can you investigate patios of different sizes?

How many ways can you find of tiling the square patio, using square tiles of different sizes?

An activity for high-attaining learners which involves making a new cylinder from a cardboard tube.

Have a good look at these images. Can you describe what is happening? There are plenty more images like this on NRICH's Exploring Squares CD.

What shape has Harry drawn on this clock face? Can you find its area? What is the largest number of square tiles that could cover this area?

If I use 12 green tiles to represent my lawn, how many different ways could I arrange them? How many border tiles would I need each time?

A tower of squares is built inside a right angled isosceles triangle. The largest square stands on the hypotenuse. What fraction of the area of the triangle is covered by the series of squares?

A hallway floor is tiled and each tile is one foot square. Given that the number of tiles around the perimeter is EXACTLY half the total number of tiles, find the possible dimensions of the hallway.

Polygons drawn on square dotty paper have dots on their perimeter (p) and often internal (i) ones as well. Find a relationship between p, i and the area of the polygons.

The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is, satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle with a unit radius?

Draw some isosceles triangles with an area of $9$cm$^2$ and a vertex at (20,20). If all the vertices must have whole number coordinates, how many is it possible to draw?

I'm thinking of a rectangle with an area of 24. What could its perimeter be?

A follow-up activity to Tiles in the Garden.

In this game for two players, you throw two dice and find the product. How many shapes can you draw on the grid which have that area or perimeter?

My local DIY shop calculates the price of its windows according to the area of glass and the length of frame used. Can you work out how they arrived at these prices?

Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?

These practical challenges are all about making a 'tray' and covering it with paper.

Can you rank these sets of quantities in order, from smallest to largest? Can you provide convincing evidence for your rankings?

Can you draw a square in which the perimeter is numerically equal to the area?

If you have only 40 metres of fencing available, what is the maximum area of land you can fence off?

Use the interactivity to find all the different right-angled triangles you can make by just moving one corner of the starting triangle.

Explore this interactivity and see if you can work out what it does. Could you use it to estimate the area of a shape?

It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but what if they were tilted?

How many centimetres of rope will I need to make another mat just like the one I have here?

This rectangle is cut into five pieces which fit exactly into a triangular outline and also into a square outline where the triangle, the rectangle and the square have equal areas.

Which is a better fit, a square peg in a round hole or a round peg in a square hole?

Can you work out the area of the inner square and give an explanation of how you did it?

Do you know how to find the area of a triangle? You can count the squares. What happens if we turn the triangle on end? Press the button and see. Try counting the number of units in the triangle now. . . .

Seven small rectangular pictures have one inch wide frames. The frames are removed and the pictures are fitted together like a jigsaw to make a rectangle of length 12 inches. Find the dimensions of. . . .

Can you find rectangles where the value of the area is the same as the value of the perimeter?

What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?

This practical challenge invites you to investigate the different squares you can make on a square geoboard or pegboard.

You can move the 4 pieces of the jigsaw and fit them into both outlines. Explain what has happened to the missing one unit of area.

Is it possible to remove ten unit cubes from a 3 by 3 by 3 cube made from 27 unit cubes so that the surface area of the remaining solid is the same as the surface area of the original 3 by 3 by 3. . . .

Make an eight by eight square, the layout is the same as a chessboard. You can print out and use the square below. What is the area of the square? Divide the square in the way shown by the red dashed. . . .