Look at the mathematics that is all around us - this circular
window is a wonderful example.
Grandpa was measuring a rug using yards, feet and inches. Can you
help William to work out its area?
How many centimetres of rope will I need to make another mat just
like the one I have here?
Read about David Hilbert who proved that any polygon could be cut up into a certain number of pieces that could be put back together to form any other polygon of equal area.
This article for teachers gives some food for thought when teaching
ideas about area.
Have a good look at these images. Can you describe what is happening? There are plenty more images like this on NRICH's Exploring Squares CD.
You have pitched your tent (the red triangle) on an island. Can you
move it to the position shown by the purple triangle making sure
you obey the rules?
A simple visual exploration into halving and doubling.
How would you move the bands on the pegboard to alter these shapes?
Investigate how this pattern of squares continues. You could
measure lengths, areas and angles.
Seven small rectangular pictures have one inch wide frames. The
frames are removed and the pictures are fitted together like a
jigsaw to make a rectangle of length 12 inches. Find the dimensions
of. . . .
Use the information on these cards to draw the shape that is being described.
What do these two triangles have in common? How are they related?
Measure problems at primary level that may require determination.
Measure problems at primary level that require careful consideration.
What is the smallest number of tiles needed to tile this patio? Can
you investigate patios of different sizes?
If I use 12 green tiles to represent my lawn, how many different
ways could I arrange them? How many border tiles would I need each
Arrange your fences to make the largest rectangular space you can. Try with four fences, then five, then six etc.
Can you draw a square in which the perimeter is numerically equal
to the area?
Measure problems for primary learners to work on with others.
A thoughtful shepherd used bales of straw to protect the area
around his lambs. Explore how you can arrange the bales.
Investigate all the different squares you can make on this 5 by 5
grid by making your starting side go from the bottom left hand
point. Can you find out the areas of all these squares?
In this game for two players, you throw two dice and find the product. How many shapes can you draw on the grid which have that area or perimeter?
My local DIY shop calculates the price of its windows according to the area of glass and the length of frame used. Can you work out how they arrived at these prices?
What is the largest 'ribbon square' you can make? And the smallest? How many different squares can you make altogether?
A follow-up activity to Tiles in the Garden.
Explore one of these five pictures.
How many ways can you find of tiling the square patio, using square
tiles of different sizes?
I cut this square into two different shapes. What can you say about
the relationship between them?
What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to
create shapes with different areas and perimeters.
Measure problems for inquiring primary learners.
Nine squares with side lengths 1, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, and 18 cm can be fitted together to form a rectangle. What are the dimensions of the rectangle?
It is possible to dissect any square into smaller squares. What is
the minimum number of squares a 13 by 13 square can be dissected
These rectangles have been torn. How many squares did each one have
inside it before it was ripped?
This practical challenge invites you to investigate the different
squares you can make on a square geoboard or pegboard.
How have "Warmsnug" arrived at the prices shown on their windows? Which window has been given an incorrect price?
Investigate the area of 'slices' cut off this cube of cheese. What
would happen if you had different-sized block of cheese to start
What fractions of the largest circle are the two shaded regions?
Can you help the children find the two triangles which have the
lengths of two sides numerically equal to their areas?
What shape has Harry drawn on this clock face? Can you find its
area? What is the largest number of square tiles that could cover
Cut differently-sized square corners from a square piece of paper
to make boxes without lids. Do they all have the same volume?
An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify
Use the interactivity to find all the different right-angled triangles you can make by just moving one corner of the starting triangle.
How can you change the area of a shape but keep its perimeter the same? How can you change the perimeter but keep the area the same?
Which is a better fit, a square peg in a round hole or a round peg
in a square hole?
Can you work out the area of the inner square and give an
explanation of how you did it?
These practical challenges are all about making a 'tray' and covering it with paper.
How many tiles do we need to tile these patios?
These pictures were made by starting with a square, finding the
half-way point on each side and joining those points up. You could
investigate your own starting shape.
What is the largest number of circles we can fit into the frame
without them overlapping? How do you know? What will happen if you
try the other shapes?