What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?

Polygons drawn on square dotty paper have dots on their perimeter (p) and often internal (i) ones as well. Find a relationship between p, i and the area of the polygons.

Seven small rectangular pictures have one inch wide frames. The frames are removed and the pictures are fitted together like a jigsaw to make a rectangle of length 12 inches. Find the dimensions of. . . .

Semicircles are drawn on the sides of a rectangle ABCD. A circle passing through points ABCD carves out four crescent-shaped regions. Prove that the sum of the areas of the four crescents is equal to. . . .

It is possible to dissect any square into smaller squares. What is the minimum number of squares a 13 by 13 square can be dissected into?

How many centimetres of rope will I need to make another mat just like the one I have here?

It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but what if they were tilted?

If you have only 40 metres of fencing available, what is the maximum area of land you can fence off?

How many ways can you find of tiling the square patio, using square tiles of different sizes?

A red square and a blue square overlap so that the corner of the red square rests on the centre of the blue square. Show that, whatever the orientation of the red square, it covers a quarter of the. . . .

Use the interactivity to find all the different right-angled triangles you can make by just moving one corner of the starting triangle.

Do you know how to find the area of a triangle? You can count the squares. What happens if we turn the triangle on end? Press the button and see. Try counting the number of units in the triangle now. . . .

Identical squares of side one unit contain some circles shaded blue. In which of the four examples is the shaded area greatest?

I'm thinking of a rectangle with an area of 24. What could its perimeter be?

This rectangle is cut into five pieces which fit exactly into a triangular outline and also into a square outline where the triangle, the rectangle and the square have equal areas.

A circle with the radius of 2.2 centimetres is drawn touching the sides of a square. What area of the square is NOT covered by the circle?

What happens to the area of a square if you double the length of the sides? Try the same thing with rectangles, diamonds and other shapes. How do the four smaller ones fit into the larger one?

A hallway floor is tiled and each tile is one foot square. Given that the number of tiles around the perimeter is EXACTLY half the total number of tiles, find the possible dimensions of the hallway.

Can you help the children find the two triangles which have the lengths of two sides numerically equal to their areas?

What shape has Harry drawn on this clock face? Can you find its area? What is the largest number of square tiles that could cover this area?

What is the largest number of circles we can fit into the frame without them overlapping? How do you know? What will happen if you try the other shapes?

What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

Can you draw a square in which the perimeter is numerically equal to the area?

Draw some isosceles triangles with an area of $9$cm$^2$ and a vertex at (20,20). If all the vertices must have whole number coordinates, how many is it possible to draw?

Make an eight by eight square, the layout is the same as a chessboard. You can print out and use the square below. What is the area of the square? Divide the square in the way shown by the red dashed. . . .

These practical challenges are all about making a 'tray' and covering it with paper.

How have "Warmsnug" arrived at the prices shown on their windows? Which window has been given an incorrect price?

My local DIY shop calculates the price of its windows according to the area of glass and the length of frame used. Can you work out how they arrived at these prices?

Can you find rectangles where the value of the area is the same as the value of the perimeter?

Choose a box and work out the smallest rectangle of paper needed to wrap it so that it is completely covered.

What is the smallest number of tiles needed to tile this patio? Can you investigate patios of different sizes?

Investigate all the different squares you can make on this 5 by 5 grid by making your starting side go from the bottom left hand point. Can you find out the areas of all these squares?

Cut differently-sized square corners from a square piece of paper to make boxes without lids. Do they all have the same volume?

What is the largest 'ribbon square' you can make? And the smallest? How many different squares can you make altogether?

These rectangles have been torn. How many squares did each one have inside it before it was ripped?

Can you work out the area of the inner square and give an explanation of how you did it?

You can move the 4 pieces of the jigsaw and fit them into both outlines. Explain what has happened to the missing one unit of area.

This practical challenge invites you to investigate the different squares you can make on a square geoboard or pegboard.

Is it possible to remove ten unit cubes from a 3 by 3 by 3 cube made from 27 unit cubes so that the surface area of the remaining solid is the same as the surface area of the original 3 by 3 by 3. . . .

In this game for two players, you throw two dice and find the product. How many shapes can you draw on the grid which have that area or perimeter?

Determine the total shaded area of the 'kissing triangles'.

Have a good look at these images. Can you describe what is happening? There are plenty more images like this on NRICH's Exploring Squares CD.

A thoughtful shepherd used bales of straw to protect the area around his lambs. Explore how you can arrange the bales.

Explore this interactivity and see if you can work out what it does. Could you use it to estimate the area of a shape?

What do these two triangles have in common? How are they related?

What happens to the area and volume of 2D and 3D shapes when you enlarge them?

A follow-up activity to Tiles in the Garden.