What happens to these capital letters when they are rotated through
one half turn, or flipped sideways and from top to bottom?
See the effects of some combined transformations on a shape. Can
you describe what the individual transformations do?
Sort the frieze patterns into seven pairs according to the way in
which the motif is repeated.
How many different transformations can you find made up from
combinations of R, S and their inverses? Can you be sure that you
have found them all?
Experimenting with variables and friezes.
Does changing the order of transformations always/sometimes/never
produce the same transformation?
This problem is based on the idea of building patterns using
Find a way to cut a 4 by 4 square into only two pieces, then rejoin the two pieces to make an L shape 6 units high.
Patterns that repeat in a line are strangely interesting. How many types are there and how do you tell one type from another?
Jenny Murray describes the mathematical processes behind making patchwork in this article for students.
This article looks at the importance in mathematics of representing places and spaces mathematics. Many famous mathematicians have spent time working on problems that involve moving and mapping. . . .
Have you ever noticed how mathematical ideas are often used in patterns that we see all around us? This article describes the life of Escher who was a passionate believer that maths and art can be. . . .
How many differently shaped rectangles can you build using these
equilateral and isosceles triangles? Can you make a square?
A gallery of beautiful photos of cast ironwork friezes in Australia with a mathematical discussion of the classification of frieze patterns.
Explore the effect of reflecting in two parallel mirror lines.
The whole set of tiles is used to make a square. This has a green and blue border. There are no green or blue tiles anywhere in the square except on this border. How many tiles are there in the set?
Why not challenge a friend to play this transformation game?
Explore the effect of reflecting in two intersecting mirror lines.
Find out how we can describe the "symmetries" of this triangle and
investigate some combinations of rotating and flipping it.
Proofs that there are only seven frieze patterns involve complicated group theory. The symmetries of a cylinder provide an easier approach.
An introduction to groups using transformations, following on from the October 2006 Stage 3 problems.
A cylindrical helix is just a spiral on a cylinder, like an ordinary spring or the thread on a bolt. If I turn a left-handed helix over (top to bottom) does it become a right handed helix?
These grids are filled according to some rules - can you complete
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Little Ming?
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Mai Ling?
Make an eight by eight square, the layout is the same as a
chessboard. You can print out and use the square below. What is the
area of the square? Divide the square in the way shown by the red
dashed. . . .
Do you know how to find the area of a triangle? You can count the
squares. What happens if we turn the triangle on end? Press the
button and see. Try counting the number of units in the triangle
now. . . .
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of the rocket?
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of these rabbits?
Investigate how the four L-shapes fit together to make an enlarged L-shape. You could explore this idea with other shapes too.
NRICH December 2006 advent calendar - a new tangram for each day in
the run-up to Christmas.
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of the chairs?
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of this goat and giraffe?
Triangles are formed by joining the vertices of a skeletal cube. How many different types of triangle are there? How many triangles altogether?
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of this junk?
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Granma T?
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Little Fung at the table?
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Little Ming playing the board game?
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of this brazier for roasting chestnuts?
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of these people?
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of Wai Ping, Wah Ming and Chi Wing?
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outlines of these clocks?
Can you fit the tangram pieces into the outline of this telephone?
Here is a solitaire type environment for you to experiment with. Which targets can you reach?
This was a problem for our birthday website. Can you use four of these pieces to form a square? How about making a square with all five pieces?
Can you make the most extraordinary, the most amazing, the most
unusual patterns/designs from these triangles which are made in a
In this trail, a new type of NRICH resource, learn about
transformations of graphs. Given patterns made from families of
graphs find all the equations in the family.
Cut a square of paper into three pieces as shown. Now,can you use
the 3 pieces to make a large triangle, a parallelogram and the
Explore the effect of combining enlargements.