115^2 = (110 x 120) + 25, that is 13225 895^2 = (890 x 900) + 25, that is 801025 Can you explain what is happening and generalise?

Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?

Find the smallest positive integer N such that N/2 is a perfect cube, N/3 is a perfect fifth power and N/5 is a perfect seventh power.

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

How many zeros are there at the end of the number which is the product of first hundred positive integers?

Given any 3 digit number you can use the given digits and name another number which is divisible by 37 (e.g. given 628 you say 628371 is divisible by 37 because you know that 6+3 = 2+7 = 8+1 = 9). . . .

Can you convince me of each of the following: If a square number is multiplied by a square number the product is ALWAYS a square number...

The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What are the values of A and B?

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

Explore the factors of the numbers which are written as 10101 in different number bases. Prove that the numbers 10201, 11011 and 10101 are composite in any base.

Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made it gives access to many similar ideas.

Make a line of green and a line of yellow rods so that the lines differ in length by one (a white rod)

Data is sent in chunks of two different sizes - a yellow chunk has 5 characters and a blue chunk has 9 characters. A data slot of size 31 cannot be exactly filled with a combination of yellow and. . . .

You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find the digits and then solve the Sudoku.

Each letter represents a different positive digit AHHAAH / JOKE = HA What are the values of each of the letters?

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

How many numbers less than 1000 are NOT divisible by either: a) 2 or 5; or b) 2, 5 or 7?

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?

Prove that if a^2+b^2 is a multiple of 3 then both a and b are multiples of 3.

I put eggs into a basket in groups of 7 and noticed that I could easily have divided them into piles of 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 and always have one left over. How many eggs were in the basket?

The nth term of a sequence is given by the formula n^3 + 11n . Find the first four terms of the sequence given by this formula and the first term of the sequence which is bigger than one million. . . .

What is the value of the digit A in the sum below: [3(230 + A)]^2 = 49280A

Can you find what the last two digits of the number $4^{1999}$ are?

Helen made the conjecture that "every multiple of six has more factors than the two numbers either side of it". Is this conjecture true?

Prove that if the integer n is divisible by 4 then it can be written as the difference of two squares.

Find the largest integer which divides every member of the following sequence: 1^5-1, 2^5-2, 3^5-3, ... n^5-n.

A number N is divisible by 10, 90, 98 and 882 but it is NOT divisible by 50 or 270 or 686 or 1764. It is also known that N is a factor of 9261000. What is N?

Substitution and Transposition all in one! How fiendish can these codes get?

Can you work out what size grid you need to read our secret message?

The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

Gabriel multiplied together some numbers and then erased them. Can you figure out where each number was?

The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths I. . . .

Is there an efficient way to work out how many factors a large number has?

Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.

Consider numbers of the form un = 1! + 2! + 3! +...+n!. How many such numbers are perfect squares?

Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?

The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

This article takes the reader through divisibility tests and how they work. An article to read with pencil and paper to hand.

What is the remainder when 2^2002 is divided by 7? What happens with different powers of 2?

6! = 6 x 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1. The highest power of 2 that divides exactly into 6! is 4 since (6!) / (2^4 ) = 45. What is the highest power of two that divides exactly into 100!?

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

Here is a Sudoku with a difference! Use information about lowest common multiples to help you solve it.