115^2 = (110 x 120) + 25, that is 13225 895^2 = (890 x 900) + 25, that is 801025 Can you explain what is happening and generalise?
Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?
Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?
Given any 3 digit number you can use the given digits and name another number which is divisible by 37 (e.g. given 628 you say 628371 is divisible by 37 because you know that 6+3 = 2+7 = 8+1 = 9). . . .
Find the largest integer which divides every member of the
following sequence: 1^5-1, 2^5-2, 3^5-3, ... n^5-n.
Find the smallest positive integer N such that N/2 is a perfect
cube, N/3 is a perfect fifth power and N/5 is a perfect seventh
The nth term of a sequence is given by the formula n^3 + 11n . Find
the first four terms of the sequence given by this formula and the
first term of the sequence which is bigger than one million. . . .
I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the
remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2.
Can you find my number?
Explore the factors of the numbers which are written as 10101 in
different number bases. Prove that the numbers 10201, 11011 and
10101 are composite in any base.
Can you convince me of each of the following: If a square number is
multiplied by a square number the product is ALWAYS a square
How many numbers less than 1000 are NOT divisible by either: a) 2
or 5; or b) 2, 5 or 7?
How many zeros are there at the end of the number which is the
product of first hundred positive integers?
The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What
are the values of A and B?
Each letter represents a different positive digit
AHHAAH / JOKE = HA
What are the values of each of the letters?
Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.
Data is sent in chunks of two different sizes - a yellow chunk has
5 characters and a blue chunk has 9 characters. A data slot of size
31 cannot be exactly filled with a combination of yellow and. . . .
The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?
The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with
the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50
times. What is the value of the digit M?
Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of
problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made
it gives access to many similar ideas.
Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?
6! = 6 x 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1. The highest power of 2 that divides
exactly into 6! is 4 since (6!) / (2^4 ) = 45. What is the highest
power of two that divides exactly into 100!?
Prove that if a^2+b^2 is a multiple of 3 then both a and b are multiples of 3.
Helen made the conjecture that "every multiple of six has more
factors than the two numbers either side of it". Is this conjecture
What is the value of the digit A in the sum below: [3(230 + A)]^2 =
Prove that if the integer n is divisible by 4 then it can be written as the difference of two squares.
Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the
divisors is 331776.
A number N is divisible by 10, 90, 98 and 882 but it is NOT
divisible by 50 or 270 or 686 or 1764. It is also known that N is a
factor of 9261000. What is N?
I put eggs into a basket in groups of 7 and noticed that I could
easily have divided them into piles of 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 and always
have one left over. How many eggs were in the basket?
How many integers between 1 and 1200 are NOT multiples of any of
the numbers 2, 3 or 5?
Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...
Substitution and Transposition all in one! How fiendish can these codes get?
Consider numbers of the form un = 1! + 2! + 3! +...+n!. How many such numbers are perfect squares?
Take any two digit number, for example 58. What do you have to do to reverse the order of the digits? Can you find a rule for reversing the order of digits for any two digit number?
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3
digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits
you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
Factorial one hundred (written 100!) has 24 noughts when written in full and that 1000! has 249 noughts? Convince yourself that the above is true. Perhaps your methodology will help you find the. . . .
Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two
digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that
the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you
The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?
Can you work out what size grid you need to read our secret message?
Make a line of green and a line of yellow rods so that the lines
differ in length by one (a white rod)
Can you find a way to identify times tables after they have been shifted up?
Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths I. . . .
Which pairs of cogs let the coloured tooth touch every tooth on the
other cog? Which pairs do not let this happen? Why?
What is the smallest number of answers you need to reveal in order
to work out the missing headers?
A game that tests your understanding of remainders.
The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.
You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find
the digits and then solve the Sudoku.
Follow this recipe for sieving numbers and see what interesting patterns emerge.
Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?
A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?
This article takes the reader through divisibility tests and how they work. An article to read with pencil and paper to hand.