Here is a machine with four coloured lights. Can you develop a strategy to work out the rules controlling each light?
Can you find a way to identify times tables after they have been shifted up?
The nth term of a sequence is given by the formula n^3 + 11n . Find
the first four terms of the sequence given by this formula and the
first term of the sequence which is bigger than one million. . . .
What is the remainder when 2^2002 is divided by 7? What happens
with different powers of 2?
Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?
Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a
factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and
16 is a factor of 48.
Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and
once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of
the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .
A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?
List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of
adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain
why and prove it?
Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface
area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you
find them all?
A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.
For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?
Find the largest integer which divides every member of the
following sequence: 1^5-1, 2^5-2, 3^5-3, ... n^5-n.
Take any two digit number, for example 58. What do you have to do to reverse the order of the digits? Can you find a rule for reversing the order of digits for any two digit number?
Find the smallest positive integer N such that N/2 is a perfect
cube, N/3 is a perfect fifth power and N/5 is a perfect seventh
Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3
digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits
you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?
Prove that if the integer n is divisible by 4 then it can be written as the difference of two squares.
Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?
The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.
Can you find a relationship between the number of dots on the
circle and the number of steps that will ensure that all points are
Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter
of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to
Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.
Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?
Have you seen this way of doing multiplication ?
Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?
Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of
problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made
it gives access to many similar ideas.
What is the smallest number with exactly 14 divisors?
Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...
The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?
Prove that if a^2+b^2 is a multiple of 3 then both a and b are multiples of 3.
A collection of resources to support work on Factors and Multiples at Secondary level.
A game that tests your understanding of remainders.
Explain why the arithmetic sequence 1, 14, 27, 40, ... contains many terms of the form 222...2 where only the digit 2 appears.
Some 4 digit numbers can be written as the product of a 3 digit
number and a 2 digit number using the digits 1 to 9 each once and
only once. The number 4396 can be written as just such a product.
Can. . . .
Do you know a quick way to check if a number is a multiple of two? How about three, four or six?
Helen made the conjecture that "every multiple of six has more
factors than the two numbers either side of it". Is this conjecture
Consider numbers of the form un = 1! + 2! + 3! +...+n!. How many such numbers are perfect squares?
Here is a Sudoku with a difference! Use information about lowest common multiples to help you solve it.
Explore the relationship between simple linear functions and their
The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.
You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find
the digits and then solve the Sudoku.
115^2 = (110 x 120) + 25, that is 13225 895^2 = (890 x 900) + 25, that is 801025 Can you explain what is happening and generalise?
The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?
Can you work out what size grid you need to read our secret message?
Data is sent in chunks of two different sizes - a yellow chunk has
5 characters and a blue chunk has 9 characters. A data slot of size
31 cannot be exactly filled with a combination of yellow and. . . .
Substitution and Transposition all in one! How fiendish can these codes get?
How many integers between 1 and 1200 are NOT multiples of any of
the numbers 2, 3 or 5?
Find the frequency distribution for ordinary English, and use it to help you crack the code.
Follow this recipe for sieving numbers and see what interesting patterns emerge.