Can you convince me of each of the following: If a square number is multiplied by a square number the product is ALWAYS a square number...

Factorial one hundred (written 100!) has 24 noughts when written in full and that 1000! has 249 noughts? Convince yourself that the above is true. Perhaps your methodology will help you find the. . . .

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?

Prove that if a^2+b^2 is a multiple of 3 then both a and b are multiples of 3.

Prove that if the integer n is divisible by 4 then it can be written as the difference of two squares.

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

Find the smallest positive integer N such that N/2 is a perfect cube, N/3 is a perfect fifth power and N/5 is a perfect seventh power.

Find the largest integer which divides every member of the following sequence: 1^5-1, 2^5-2, 3^5-3, ... n^5-n.

The nth term of a sequence is given by the formula n^3 + 11n . Find the first four terms of the sequence given by this formula and the first term of the sequence which is bigger than one million. . . .

In how many ways can the number 1 000 000 be expressed as the product of three positive integers?

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

6! = 6 x 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1. The highest power of 2 that divides exactly into 6! is 4 since (6!) / (2^4 ) = 45. What is the highest power of two that divides exactly into 100!?

Take any two digit number, for example 58. What do you have to do to reverse the order of the digits? Can you find a rule for reversing the order of digits for any two digit number?

Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...

115^2 = (110 x 120) + 25, that is 13225 895^2 = (890 x 900) + 25, that is 801025 Can you explain what is happening and generalise?

Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.

You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find the digits and then solve the Sudoku.

Given any 3 digit number you can use the given digits and name another number which is divisible by 37 (e.g. given 628 you say 628371 is divisible by 37 because you know that 6+3 = 2+7 = 8+1 = 9). . . .

Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

How many zeros are there at the end of the number which is the product of first hundred positive integers?

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Can you find what the last two digits of the number $4^{1999}$ are?

Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths I. . . .

Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made it gives access to many similar ideas.

Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?

The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?

How many integers between 1 and 1200 are NOT multiples of any of the numbers 2, 3 or 5?

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

Here is a machine with four coloured lights. Can you develop a strategy to work out the rules controlling each light?

Which pairs of cogs let the coloured tooth touch every tooth on the other cog? Which pairs do not let this happen? Why?

Factor track is not a race but a game of skill. The idea is to go round the track in as few moves as possible, keeping to the rules.

Follow this recipe for sieving numbers and see what interesting patterns emerge.

Substitution and Transposition all in one! How fiendish can these codes get?

Can you work out what size grid you need to read our secret message?

The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.

Data is sent in chunks of two different sizes - a yellow chunk has 5 characters and a blue chunk has 9 characters. A data slot of size 31 cannot be exactly filled with a combination of yellow and. . . .

Gabriel multiplied together some numbers and then erased them. Can you figure out where each number was?

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

Have you seen this way of doing multiplication ?

Make a line of green and a line of yellow rods so that the lines differ in length by one (a white rod)

A mathematician goes into a supermarket and buys four items. Using a calculator she multiplies the cost instead of adding them. How can her answer be the same as the total at the till?

Each letter represents a different positive digit AHHAAH / JOKE = HA What are the values of each of the letters?