A collection of resources to support work on Factors and Multiples at Secondary level.

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

Have you seen this way of doing multiplication ?

What is the largest number which, when divided into 1905, 2587, 3951, 7020 and 8725 in turn, leaves the same remainder each time?

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What are the values of A and B?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?

Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made it gives access to many similar ideas.

Can you work out what size grid you need to read our secret message?

Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...

What is the smallest number of answers you need to reveal in order to work out the missing headers?

Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?

Substitution and Transposition all in one! How fiendish can these codes get?

Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?

Gabriel multiplied together some numbers and then erased them. Can you figure out where each number was?

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

Is there an efficient way to work out how many factors a large number has?

How many zeros are there at the end of the number which is the product of first hundred positive integers?

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

Each letter represents a different positive digit AHHAAH / JOKE = HA What are the values of each of the letters?

Make a line of green and a line of yellow rods so that the lines differ in length by one (a white rod)

Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths I. . . .

Can you find a way to identify times tables after they have been shifted up?

Data is sent in chunks of two different sizes - a yellow chunk has 5 characters and a blue chunk has 9 characters. A data slot of size 31 cannot be exactly filled with a combination of yellow and. . . .

You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find the digits and then solve the Sudoku.

The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

Can you find a relationship between the number of dots on the circle and the number of steps that will ensure that all points are hit?

Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.

A game that tests your understanding of remainders.

Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

Given any 3 digit number you can use the given digits and name another number which is divisible by 37 (e.g. given 628 you say 628371 is divisible by 37 because you know that 6+3 = 2+7 = 8+1 = 9). . . .

Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...

Prove that if a^2+b^2 is a multiple of 3 then both a and b are multiples of 3.

What is the value of the digit A in the sum below: [3(230 + A)]^2 = 49280A

Do you know a quick way to check if a number is a multiple of two? How about three, four or six?

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

I put eggs into a basket in groups of 7 and noticed that I could easily have divided them into piles of 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 and always have one left over. How many eggs were in the basket?

A number N is divisible by 10, 90, 98 and 882 but it is NOT divisible by 50 or 270 or 686 or 1764. It is also known that N is a factor of 9261000. What is N?

Some 4 digit numbers can be written as the product of a 3 digit number and a 2 digit number using the digits 1 to 9 each once and only once. The number 4396 can be written as just such a product. Can. . . .

Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .

Helen made the conjecture that "every multiple of six has more factors than the two numbers either side of it". Is this conjecture true?

Prove that if the integer n is divisible by 4 then it can be written as the difference of two squares.