A student in a maths class was trying to get some information from her teacher. She was given some clues and then the teacher ended by saying, "Well, how old are they?"

This package contains a collection of problems from the NRICH website that could be suitable for students who have a good understanding of Factors and Multiples and who feel ready to take on some. . . .

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

A mathematician goes into a supermarket and buys four items. Using a calculator she multiplies the cost instead of adding them. How can her answer be the same as the total at the till?

A game that tests your understanding of remainders.

Can you find a relationship between the number of dots on the circle and the number of steps that will ensure that all points are hit?

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?

Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

How many numbers less than 1000 are NOT divisible by either: a) 2 or 5; or b) 2, 5 or 7?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

Can you find what the last two digits of the number $4^{1999}$ are?

What is the smallest number of answers you need to reveal in order to work out the missing headers?

6! = 6 x 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1. The highest power of 2 that divides exactly into 6! is 4 since (6!) / (2^4 ) = 45. What is the highest power of two that divides exactly into 100!?

Factor track is not a race but a game of skill. The idea is to go round the track in as few moves as possible, keeping to the rules.

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

What is the remainder when 2^2002 is divided by 7? What happens with different powers of 2?

Here is a machine with four coloured lights. Can you develop a strategy to work out the rules controlling each light?

Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...

Follow this recipe for sieving numbers and see what interesting patterns emerge.

What is the largest number which, when divided into 1905, 2587, 3951, 7020 and 8725 in turn, leaves the same remainder each time?

A number N is divisible by 10, 90, 98 and 882 but it is NOT divisible by 50 or 270 or 686 or 1764. It is also known that N is a factor of 9261000. What is N?

I put eggs into a basket in groups of 7 and noticed that I could easily have divided them into piles of 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 and always have one left over. How many eggs were in the basket?

What is the value of the digit A in the sum below: [3(230 + A)]^2 = 49280A

The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What are the values of A and B?

Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?

Take any two digit number, for example 58. What do you have to do to reverse the order of the digits? Can you find a rule for reversing the order of digits for any two digit number?

Can you find a way to identify times tables after they have been shifted up?

Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...

Which pairs of cogs let the coloured tooth touch every tooth on the other cog? Which pairs do not let this happen? Why?

How many integers between 1 and 1200 are NOT multiples of any of the numbers 2, 3 or 5?

The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

How many zeros are there at the end of the number which is the product of first hundred positive integers?

Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths I. . . .

You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find the digits and then solve the Sudoku.

The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.

Place four pebbles on the sand in the form of a square. Keep adding as few pebbles as necessary to double the area. How many extra pebbles are added each time?

What can you say about the values of n that make $7^n + 3^n$ a multiple of 10? Are there other pairs of integers between 1 and 10 which have similar properties?

Complete the following expressions so that each one gives a four digit number as the product of two two digit numbers and uses the digits 1 to 8 once and only once.