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Broad Topics > Numbers and the Number System > Factors and multiples

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What Numbers Can We Make?

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?

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GOT IT Now

Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

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14 Divisors

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

What is the smallest number with exactly 14 divisors?

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Repeaters

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

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Dozens

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Do you know a quick way to check if a number is a multiple of two? How about three, four or six?

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Special Sums and Products

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

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Reverse to Order

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Take any two digit number, for example 58. What do you have to do to reverse the order of the digits? Can you find a rule for reversing the order of digits for any two digit number?

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Three Times Seven

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

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Adding in Rows

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

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Cuboids

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?

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Ben's Game

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

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Even So

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

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Data Chunks

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Data is sent in chunks of two different sizes - a yellow chunk has 5 characters and a blue chunk has 9 characters. A data slot of size 31 cannot be exactly filled with a combination of yellow and. . . .

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Take Three from Five

Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

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Remainder

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

What is the remainder when 2^2002 is divided by 7? What happens with different powers of 2?

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Adding All Nine

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .

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Multiplication Equation Sudoku

Stage: 4 and 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.

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Mod 3

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Prove that if a^2+b^2 is a multiple of 3 then both a and b are multiples of 3.

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Eminit

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

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American Billions

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...

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Product Sudoku

Stage: 3, 4 and 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

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AB Search

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What are the values of A and B?

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Product Sudoku 2

Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?

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LCM Sudoku

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Here is a Sudoku with a difference! Use information about lowest common multiples to help you solve it.

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Remainders

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

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Divisively So

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

How many numbers less than 1000 are NOT divisible by either: a) 2 or 5; or b) 2, 5 or 7?

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Ewa's Eggs

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

I put eggs into a basket in groups of 7 and noticed that I could easily have divided them into piles of 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 and always have one left over. How many eggs were in the basket?

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Digat

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

What is the value of the digit A in the sum below: [3(230 + A)]^2 = 49280A

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Oh! Hidden Inside?

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

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What Numbers Can We Make Now?

Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?

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Gaxinta

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

A number N is divisible by 10, 90, 98 and 882 but it is NOT divisible by 50 or 270 or 686 or 1764. It is also known that N is a factor of 9261000. What is N?

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Expenses

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

What is the largest number which, when divided into 1905, 2587, 3951, 7020 and 8725 in turn, leaves the same remainder each time?

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Hidden Squares

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?

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Squaresearch

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Consider numbers of the form un = 1! + 2! + 3! +...+n!. How many such numbers are perfect squares?

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A First Product Sudoku

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

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Different by One

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Make a line of green and a line of yellow rods so that the lines differ in length by one (a white rod)

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Really Mr. Bond

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

115^2 = (110 x 120) + 25, that is 13225 895^2 = (890 x 900) + 25, that is 801025 Can you explain what is happening and generalise?

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Sixational

Stage: 4 and 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

The nth term of a sequence is given by the formula n^3 + 11n . Find the first four terms of the sequence given by this formula and the first term of the sequence which is bigger than one million. . . .

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Transposition Cipher

Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Can you work out what size grid you need to read our secret message?

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Got It

Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

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Can You Find a Perfect Number?

Stage: 2 and 3

Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...

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Factoring Factorials

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.

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Factoring a Million

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

In how many ways can the number 1 000 000 be expressed as the product of three positive integers?

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Helen's Conjecture

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Helen made the conjecture that "every multiple of six has more factors than the two numbers either side of it". Is this conjecture true?

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Factorial

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

How many zeros are there at the end of the number which is the product of first hundred positive integers?

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What a Joke

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Each letter represents a different positive digit AHHAAH / JOKE = HA What are the values of each of the letters?

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Two Much

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Explain why the arithmetic sequence 1, 14, 27, 40, ... contains many terms of the form 222...2 where only the digit 2 appears.

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Factors and Multiple Challenges

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

This package contains a collection of problems from the NRICH website that could be suitable for students who have a good understanding of Factors and Multiples and who feel ready to take on some. . . .

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Phew I'm Factored

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Explore the factors of the numbers which are written as 10101 in different number bases. Prove that the numbers 10201, 11011 and 10101 are composite in any base.

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How Old Are the Children?

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

A student in a maths class was trying to get some information from her teacher. She was given some clues and then the teacher ended by saying, "Well, how old are they?"