What is the largest number which, when divided into 1905, 2587, 3951, 7020 and 8725 in turn, leaves the same remainder each time?

This article takes the reader through divisibility tests and how they work. An article to read with pencil and paper to hand.

Consider numbers of the form un = 1! + 2! + 3! +...+n!. How many such numbers are perfect squares?

A number N is divisible by 10, 90, 98 and 882 but it is NOT divisible by 50 or 270 or 686 or 1764. It is also known that N is a factor of 9261000. What is N?

Make a line of green and a line of yellow rods so that the lines differ in length by one (a white rod)

Data is sent in chunks of two different sizes - a yellow chunk has 5 characters and a blue chunk has 9 characters. A data slot of size 31 cannot be exactly filled with a combination of yellow and. . . .

How many zeros are there at the end of the number which is the product of first hundred positive integers?

I put eggs into a basket in groups of 7 and noticed that I could easily have divided them into piles of 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 and always have one left over. How many eggs were in the basket?

Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.

Here is a Sudoku with a difference! Use information about lowest common multiples to help you solve it.

6! = 6 x 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1. The highest power of 2 that divides exactly into 6! is 4 since (6!) / (2^4 ) = 45. What is the highest power of two that divides exactly into 100!?

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

In how many ways can the number 1 000 000 be expressed as the product of three positive integers?

The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What are the values of A and B?

Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?

The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.

Substitution and Transposition all in one! How fiendish can these codes get?

Can you work out what size grid you need to read our secret message?

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

Is there an efficient way to work out how many factors a large number has?

Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

Given any 3 digit number you can use the given digits and name another number which is divisible by 37 (e.g. given 628 you say 628371 is divisible by 37 because you know that 6+3 = 2+7 = 8+1 = 9). . . .

Explore the factors of the numbers which are written as 10101 in different number bases. Prove that the numbers 10201, 11011 and 10101 are composite in any base.

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

What is the remainder when 2^2002 is divided by 7? What happens with different powers of 2?

Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made it gives access to many similar ideas.

A collection of resources to support work on Factors and Multiples at Secondary level.

How many numbers less than 1000 are NOT divisible by either: a) 2 or 5; or b) 2, 5 or 7?

Each letter represents a different positive digit AHHAAH / JOKE = HA What are the values of each of the letters?

The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find the digits and then solve the Sudoku.

Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

What is the value of the digit A in the sum below: [3(230 + A)]^2 = 49280A

Gabriel multiplied together some numbers and then erased them. Can you figure out where each number was?

What is the smallest number of answers you need to reveal in order to work out the missing headers?

Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths I. . . .

A game that tests your understanding of remainders.

How many integers between 1 and 1200 are NOT multiples of any of the numbers 2, 3 or 5?

Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...

Can you find a way to identify times tables after they have been shifted up?

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

Prove that if a^2+b^2 is a multiple of 3 then both a and b are multiples of 3.

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

Helen made the conjecture that "every multiple of six has more factors than the two numbers either side of it". Is this conjecture true?