Have you seen this way of doing multiplication ?

A collection of resources to support work on Factors and Multiples at Secondary level.

Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made it gives access to many similar ideas.

Can you find what the last two digits of the number $4^{1999}$ are?

Helen made the conjecture that "every multiple of six has more factors than the two numbers either side of it". Is this conjecture true?

Can you convince me of each of the following: If a square number is multiplied by a square number the product is ALWAYS a square number...

Explore the factors of the numbers which are written as 10101 in different number bases. Prove that the numbers 10201, 11011 and 10101 are composite in any base.

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

Each letter represents a different positive digit AHHAAH / JOKE = HA What are the values of each of the letters?

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

Given any 3 digit number you can use the given digits and name another number which is divisible by 37 (e.g. given 628 you say 628371 is divisible by 37 because you know that 6+3 = 2+7 = 8+1 = 9). . . .

Take any two digit number, for example 58. What do you have to do to reverse the order of the digits? Can you find a rule for reversing the order of digits for any two digit number?

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

How many integers between 1 and 1200 are NOT multiples of any of the numbers 2, 3 or 5?

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...

The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?

The nth term of a sequence is given by the formula n^3 + 11n . Find the first four terms of the sequence given by this formula and the first term of the sequence which is bigger than one million. . . .

Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

Prove that if a^2+b^2 is a multiple of 3 then both a and b are multiples of 3.

Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?

Find the largest integer which divides every member of the following sequence: 1^5-1, 2^5-2, 3^5-3, ... n^5-n.

Find the smallest positive integer N such that N/2 is a perfect cube, N/3 is a perfect fifth power and N/5 is a perfect seventh power.

Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?

What is the smallest number of answers you need to reveal in order to work out the missing headers?

Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?

Follow this recipe for sieving numbers and see what interesting patterns emerge.

Find the frequency distribution for ordinary English, and use it to help you crack the code.

Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?

Here is a machine with four coloured lights. Can you develop a strategy to work out the rules controlling each light?

Explore the relationship between simple linear functions and their graphs.

A game that tests your understanding of remainders.

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Can you find a way to identify times tables after they have been shifted up?

Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths I. . . .

Which pairs of cogs let the coloured tooth touch every tooth on the other cog? Which pairs do not let this happen? Why?

Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.

The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What are the values of A and B?

What can you say about the values of n that make $7^n + 3^n$ a multiple of 10? Are there other pairs of integers between 1 and 10 which have similar properties?

6! = 6 x 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1. The highest power of 2 that divides exactly into 6! is 4 since (6!) / (2^4 ) = 45. What is the highest power of two that divides exactly into 100!?

How many numbers less than 1000 are NOT divisible by either: a) 2 or 5; or b) 2, 5 or 7?

115^2 = (110 x 120) + 25, that is 13225 895^2 = (890 x 900) + 25, that is 801025 Can you explain what is happening and generalise?

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

What is the value of the digit A in the sum below: [3(230 + A)]^2 = 49280A

I put eggs into a basket in groups of 7 and noticed that I could easily have divided them into piles of 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 and always have one left over. How many eggs were in the basket?