Have you seen this way of doing multiplication ?

A collection of resources to support work on Factors and Multiples at Secondary level.

Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made it gives access to many similar ideas.

Given any 3 digit number you can use the given digits and name another number which is divisible by 37 (e.g. given 628 you say 628371 is divisible by 37 because you know that 6+3 = 2+7 = 8+1 = 9). . . .

Explore the factors of the numbers which are written as 10101 in different number bases. Prove that the numbers 10201, 11011 and 10101 are composite in any base.

What can you say about the values of n that make $7^n + 3^n$ a multiple of 10? Are there other pairs of integers between 1 and 10 which have similar properties?

Can you convince me of each of the following: If a square number is multiplied by a square number the product is ALWAYS a square number...

This package contains a collection of problems from the NRICH website that could be suitable for students who have a good understanding of Factors and Multiples and who feel ready to take on some. . . .

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Here is a machine with four coloured lights. Can you develop a strategy to work out the rules controlling each light?

Factor track is not a race but a game of skill. The idea is to go round the track in as few moves as possible, keeping to the rules.

Explore the relationship between simple linear functions and their graphs.

A game that tests your understanding of remainders.

Each letter represents a different positive digit AHHAAH / JOKE = HA What are the values of each of the letters?

Can you find a relationship between the number of dots on the circle and the number of steps that will ensure that all points are hit?

A student in a maths class was trying to get some information from her teacher. She was given some clues and then the teacher ended by saying, "Well, how old are they?"

Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?

Take any two digit number, for example 58. What do you have to do to reverse the order of the digits? Can you find a rule for reversing the order of digits for any two digit number?

A game in which players take it in turns to choose a number. Can you block your opponent?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

How many integers between 1 and 1200 are NOT multiples of any of the numbers 2, 3 or 5?

A number N is divisible by 10, 90, 98 and 882 but it is NOT divisible by 50 or 270 or 686 or 1764. It is also known that N is a factor of 9261000. What is N?

I put eggs into a basket in groups of 7 and noticed that I could easily have divided them into piles of 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 and always have one left over. How many eggs were in the basket?

Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?

Prove that if a^2+b^2 is a multiple of 3 then both a and b are multiples of 3.

The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What are the values of A and B?

A mathematician goes into a supermarket and buys four items. Using a calculator she multiplies the cost instead of adding them. How can her answer be the same as the total at the till?

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

Consider numbers of the form un = 1! + 2! + 3! +...+n!. How many such numbers are perfect squares?

Factorial one hundred (written 100!) has 24 noughts when written in full and that 1000! has 249 noughts? Convince yourself that the above is true. Perhaps your methodology will help you find the. . . .

Follow this recipe for sieving numbers and see what interesting patterns emerge.

Find the frequency distribution for ordinary English, and use it to help you crack the code.

Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?

Find the largest integer which divides every member of the following sequence: 1^5-1, 2^5-2, 3^5-3, ... n^5-n.

Find the smallest positive integer N such that N/2 is a perfect cube, N/3 is a perfect fifth power and N/5 is a perfect seventh power.

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

The nth term of a sequence is given by the formula n^3 + 11n . Find the first four terms of the sequence given by this formula and the first term of the sequence which is bigger than one million. . . .

Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths I. . . .

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

How many numbers less than 1000 are NOT divisible by either: a) 2 or 5; or b) 2, 5 or 7?

Can you find what the last two digits of the number $4^{1999}$ are?

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

What is the value of the digit A in the sum below: [3(230 + A)]^2 = 49280A

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

115^2 = (110 x 120) + 25, that is 13225 895^2 = (890 x 900) + 25, that is 801025 Can you explain what is happening and generalise?