Explore the factors of the numbers which are written as 10101 in different number bases. Prove that the numbers 10201, 11011 and 10101 are composite in any base.

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

Here is a Sudoku with a difference! Use information about lowest common multiples to help you solve it.

The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

In how many ways can the number 1 000 000 be expressed as the product of three positive integers?

Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...

Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made it gives access to many similar ideas.

Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?

The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What are the values of A and B?

Given any 3 digit number you can use the given digits and name another number which is divisible by 37 (e.g. given 628 you say 628371 is divisible by 37 because you know that 6+3 = 2+7 = 8+1 = 9). . . .

Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?

Can you convince me of each of the following: If a square number is multiplied by a square number the product is ALWAYS a square number...

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find the digits and then solve the Sudoku.

The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.

Substitution and Transposition all in one! How fiendish can these codes get?

Helen made the conjecture that "every multiple of six has more factors than the two numbers either side of it". Is this conjecture true?

Can you work out what size grid you need to read our secret message?

Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?

Data is sent in chunks of two different sizes - a yellow chunk has 5 characters and a blue chunk has 9 characters. A data slot of size 31 cannot be exactly filled with a combination of yellow and. . . .

Each letter represents a different positive digit AHHAAH / JOKE = HA What are the values of each of the letters?

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

A mathematician goes into a supermarket and buys four items. Using a calculator she multiplies the cost instead of adding them. How can her answer be the same as the total at the till?

Follow this recipe for sieving numbers and see what interesting patterns emerge.

Gabriel multiplied together some numbers and then erased them. Can you figure out where each number was?

Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?

Explore the relationship between simple linear functions and their graphs.

Make a line of green and a line of yellow rods so that the lines differ in length by one (a white rod)

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.

Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths I. . . .

How many zeros are there at the end of the number which is the product of first hundred positive integers?

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

Prove that if a^2+b^2 is a multiple of 3 then both a and b are multiples of 3.

Explain why the arithmetic sequence 1, 14, 27, 40, ... contains many terms of the form 222...2 where only the digit 2 appears.

A student in a maths class was trying to get some information from her teacher. She was given some clues and then the teacher ended by saying, "Well, how old are they?"

Do you know a quick way to check if a number is a multiple of two? How about three, four or six?