Take any two digit number, for example 58. What do you have to do to reverse the order of the digits? Can you find a rule for reversing the order of digits for any two digit number?
Explore the factors of the numbers which are written as 10101 in
different number bases. Prove that the numbers 10201, 11011 and
10101 are composite in any base.
Given any 3 digit number you can use the given digits and name another number which is divisible by 37 (e.g. given 628 you say 628371 is divisible by 37 because you know that 6+3 = 2+7 = 8+1 = 9). . . .
A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?
Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of
problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made
it gives access to many similar ideas.
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3
digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits
you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
Each letter represents a different positive digit
AHHAAH / JOKE = HA
What are the values of each of the letters?
The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What
are the values of A and B?
When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the
answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is
represented by an "x" .
In how many ways can the number 1 000 000 be expressed as the
product of three positive integers?
What is the smallest number with exactly 14 divisors?
Can you convince me of each of the following: If a square number is
multiplied by a square number the product is ALWAYS a square
Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and
once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of
the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .
This article takes the reader through divisibility tests and how they work. An article to read with pencil and paper to hand.
Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?
Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?
Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?
Can you work out what size grid you need to read our secret message?
Substitution and Transposition all in one! How fiendish can these codes get?
The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.
Have you seen this way of doing multiplication ?
The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?
Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...
The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.
Complete the following expressions so that each one gives a four
digit number as the product of two two digit numbers and uses the
digits 1 to 8 once and only once.
Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?
Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the
divisors is 331776.
Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a
factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and
16 is a factor of 48.
Here is a Sudoku with a difference! Use information about lowest common multiples to help you solve it.
For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?
Factorial one hundred (written 100!) has 24 noughts when written in full and that 1000! has 249 noughts? Convince yourself that the above is true. Perhaps your methodology will help you find the. . . .
Explain why the arithmetic sequence 1, 14, 27, 40, ... contains many terms of the form 222...2 where only the digit 2 appears.
Helen made the conjecture that "every multiple of six has more
factors than the two numbers either side of it". Is this conjecture
List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of
adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain
why and prove it?
Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.
Consider numbers of the form un = 1! + 2! + 3! +...+n!. How many such numbers are perfect squares?
Make a line of green and a line of yellow rods so that the lines
differ in length by one (a white rod)
A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.
6! = 6 x 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1. The highest power of 2 that divides
exactly into 6! is 4 since (6!) / (2^4 ) = 45. What is the highest
power of two that divides exactly into 100!?
What can you say about the values of n that make $7^n + 3^n$ a multiple of 10? Are there other pairs of integers between 1 and 10 which have similar properties?
The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?
Data is sent in chunks of two different sizes - a yellow chunk has
5 characters and a blue chunk has 9 characters. A data slot of size
31 cannot be exactly filled with a combination of yellow and. . . .
The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with
the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50
times. What is the value of the digit M?
You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find
the digits and then solve the Sudoku.
Follow this recipe for sieving numbers and see what interesting patterns emerge.
Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?
Gabriel multiplied together some numbers and then erased them. Can you figure out where each number was?
Factor track is not a race but a game of skill. The idea is to go round the track in as few moves as possible, keeping to the rules.
Explore the relationship between simple linear functions and their
Do you know a quick way to check if a number is a multiple of two? How about three, four or six?