Place four pebbles on the sand in the form of a square. Keep adding as few pebbles as necessary to double the area. How many extra pebbles are added each time?

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

Here is a machine with four coloured lights. Can you develop a strategy to work out the rules controlling each light?

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

What is the remainder when 2^2002 is divided by 7? What happens with different powers of 2?

Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

Can you find a relationship between the number of dots on the circle and the number of steps that will ensure that all points are hit?

Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made it gives access to many similar ideas.

The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What are the values of A and B?

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

This package contains a collection of problems from the NRICH website that could be suitable for students who have a good understanding of Factors and Multiples and who feel ready to take on some. . . .

Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .

Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?

Here is a Sudoku with a difference! Use information about lowest common multiples to help you solve it.

The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.

The nth term of a sequence is given by the formula n^3 + 11n . Find the first four terms of the sequence given by this formula and the first term of the sequence which is bigger than one million. . . .

Can you find a way to identify times tables after they have been shifted up?

Consider numbers of the form un = 1! + 2! + 3! +...+n!. How many such numbers are perfect squares?

What is the largest number which, when divided into 1905, 2587, 3951, 7020 and 8725 in turn, leaves the same remainder each time?

Explain why the arithmetic sequence 1, 14, 27, 40, ... contains many terms of the form 222...2 where only the digit 2 appears.

A student in a maths class was trying to get some information from her teacher. She was given some clues and then the teacher ended by saying, "Well, how old are they?"

Gabriel multiplied together some numbers and then erased them. Can you figure out where each number was?

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

Can you work out what size grid you need to read our secret message?

What is the smallest number of answers you need to reveal in order to work out the missing headers?

Substitution and Transposition all in one! How fiendish can these codes get?

Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?

Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?

Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...

Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find the digits and then solve the Sudoku.

Have you seen this way of doing multiplication ?

Make a line of green and a line of yellow rods so that the lines differ in length by one (a white rod)

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

A game that tests your understanding of remainders.

Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.

Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths I. . . .

Data is sent in chunks of two different sizes - a yellow chunk has 5 characters and a blue chunk has 9 characters. A data slot of size 31 cannot be exactly filled with a combination of yellow and. . . .

Each letter represents a different positive digit AHHAAH / JOKE = HA What are the values of each of the letters?

Which pairs of cogs let the coloured tooth touch every tooth on the other cog? Which pairs do not let this happen? Why?

Prove that if a^2+b^2 is a multiple of 3 then both a and b are multiples of 3.