Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths I. . . .

115^2 = (110 x 120) + 25, that is 13225 895^2 = (890 x 900) + 25, that is 801025 Can you explain what is happening and generalise?

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

How many zeros are there at the end of the number which is the product of first hundred positive integers?

The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What are the values of A and B?

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .

What can you say about the values of n that make $7^n + 3^n$ a multiple of 10? Are there other pairs of integers between 1 and 10 which have similar properties?

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Each letter represents a different positive digit AHHAAH / JOKE = HA What are the values of each of the letters?

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?

How many numbers less than 1000 are NOT divisible by either: a) 2 or 5; or b) 2, 5 or 7?

What is the remainder when 2^2002 is divided by 7? What happens with different powers of 2?

A number N is divisible by 10, 90, 98 and 882 but it is NOT divisible by 50 or 270 or 686 or 1764. It is also known that N is a factor of 9261000. What is N?

Take any two digit number, for example 58. What do you have to do to reverse the order of the digits? Can you find a rule for reversing the order of digits for any two digit number?

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

Consider numbers of the form un = 1! + 2! + 3! +...+n!. How many such numbers are perfect squares?

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made it gives access to many similar ideas.

Find the smallest positive integer N such that N/2 is a perfect cube, N/3 is a perfect fifth power and N/5 is a perfect seventh power.

Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?

The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

Can you find what the last two digits of the number $4^{1999}$ are?

What is the value of the digit A in the sum below: [3(230 + A)]^2 = 49280A

I put eggs into a basket in groups of 7 and noticed that I could easily have divided them into piles of 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 and always have one left over. How many eggs were in the basket?

What is the largest number which, when divided into 1905, 2587, 3951, 7020 and 8725 in turn, leaves the same remainder each time?

Do you know a quick way to check if a number is a multiple of two? How about three, four or six?

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...

How many integers between 1 and 1200 are NOT multiples of any of the numbers 2, 3 or 5?

Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.

Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...

Data is sent in chunks of two different sizes - a yellow chunk has 5 characters and a blue chunk has 9 characters. A data slot of size 31 cannot be exactly filled with a combination of yellow and. . . .

What is the smallest number of answers you need to reveal in order to work out the missing headers?

Here is a machine with four coloured lights. Can you develop a strategy to work out the rules controlling each light?

Follow this recipe for sieving numbers and see what interesting patterns emerge.

Can you work out what size grid you need to read our secret message?

Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?

Substitution and Transposition all in one! How fiendish can these codes get?

Which pairs of cogs let the coloured tooth touch every tooth on the other cog? Which pairs do not let this happen? Why?

Can you find a way to identify times tables after they have been shifted up?

Have you seen this way of doing multiplication ?

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.