The nth term of a sequence is given by the formula n^3 + 11n . Find
the first four terms of the sequence given by this formula and the
first term of the sequence which is bigger than one million. . . .
Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?
Find the smallest positive integer N such that N/2 is a perfect
cube, N/3 is a perfect fifth power and N/5 is a perfect seventh
Prove that if a^2+b^2 is a multiple of 3 then both a and b are multiples of 3.
Prove that if the integer n is divisible by 4 then it can be written as the difference of two squares.
Find the largest integer which divides every member of the
following sequence: 1^5-1, 2^5-2, 3^5-3, ... n^5-n.
Factorial one hundred (written 100!) has 24 noughts when written in full and that 1000! has 249 noughts? Convince yourself that the above is true. Perhaps your methodology will help you find the. . . .
Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?
115^2 = (110 x 120) + 25, that is 13225 895^2 = (890 x 900) + 25, that is 801025 Can you explain what is happening and generalise?
Data is sent in chunks of two different sizes - a yellow chunk has
5 characters and a blue chunk has 9 characters. A data slot of size
31 cannot be exactly filled with a combination of yellow and. . . .
Helen made the conjecture that "every multiple of six has more
factors than the two numbers either side of it". Is this conjecture
List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of
adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain
why and prove it?
Can you convince me of each of the following: If a square number is
multiplied by a square number the product is ALWAYS a square
Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and
once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of
the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .
Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?
What is the remainder when 2^2002 is divided by 7? What happens
with different powers of 2?
Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of
problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made
it gives access to many similar ideas.
A collection of resources to support work on Factors and Multiples at Secondary level.
Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface
area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you
find them all?
Can you find a way to identify times tables after they have been shifted up?
Here is a machine with four coloured lights. Can you develop a strategy to work out the rules controlling each light?
Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?
You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find
the digits and then solve the Sudoku.
A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.
Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?
Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...
A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?
Given any 3 digit number you can use the given digits and name another number which is divisible by 37 (e.g. given 628 you say 628371 is divisible by 37 because you know that 6+3 = 2+7 = 8+1 = 9). . . .
Take any two digit number, for example 58. What do you have to do to reverse the order of the digits? Can you find a rule for reversing the order of digits for any two digit number?
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3
digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits
you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a
factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and
16 is a factor of 48.
Consider numbers of the form un = 1! + 2! + 3! +...+n!. How many such numbers are perfect squares?
Explain why the arithmetic sequence 1, 14, 27, 40, ... contains many terms of the form 222...2 where only the digit 2 appears.
For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?
Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter
of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to
Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.
Can you find a relationship between the number of dots on the
circle and the number of steps that will ensure that all points are
The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.
Have you seen this way of doing multiplication ?
Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the
divisors is 331776.
Each letter represents a different positive digit
AHHAAH / JOKE = HA
What are the values of each of the letters?
The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?
How many integers between 1 and 1200 are NOT multiples of any of
the numbers 2, 3 or 5?
What is the largest number which, when divided into 1905, 2587,
3951, 7020 and 8725 in turn, leaves the same remainder each time?
Do you know a quick way to check if a number is a multiple of two? How about three, four or six?
Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.
Make a line of green and a line of yellow rods so that the lines
differ in length by one (a white rod)
Which pairs of cogs let the coloured tooth touch every tooth on the
other cog? Which pairs do not let this happen? Why?
Explore the relationship between simple linear functions and their
Can you work out what size grid you need to read our secret message?
Follow this recipe for sieving numbers and see what interesting patterns emerge.