Factorial one hundred (written 100!) has 24 noughts when written in full and that 1000! has 249 noughts? Convince yourself that the above is true. Perhaps your methodology will help you find the. . . .

Prove that if a^2+b^2 is a multiple of 3 then both a and b are multiples of 3.

The nth term of a sequence is given by the formula n^3 + 11n . Find the first four terms of the sequence given by this formula and the first term of the sequence which is bigger than one million. . . .

Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?

Prove that if the integer n is divisible by 4 then it can be written as the difference of two squares.

Find the smallest positive integer N such that N/2 is a perfect cube, N/3 is a perfect fifth power and N/5 is a perfect seventh power.

How many zeros are there at the end of the number which is the product of first hundred positive integers?

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find the digits and then solve the Sudoku.

Can you convince me of each of the following: If a square number is multiplied by a square number the product is ALWAYS a square number...

Data is sent in chunks of two different sizes - a yellow chunk has 5 characters and a blue chunk has 9 characters. A data slot of size 31 cannot be exactly filled with a combination of yellow and. . . .

Given any 3 digit number you can use the given digits and name another number which is divisible by 37 (e.g. given 628 you say 628371 is divisible by 37 because you know that 6+3 = 2+7 = 8+1 = 9). . . .

Find the largest integer which divides every member of the following sequence: 1^5-1, 2^5-2, 3^5-3, ... n^5-n.

Consider numbers of the form un = 1! + 2! + 3! +...+n!. How many such numbers are perfect squares?

Helen made the conjecture that "every multiple of six has more factors than the two numbers either side of it". Is this conjecture true?

Here is a Sudoku with a difference! Use information about lowest common multiples to help you solve it.

115^2 = (110 x 120) + 25, that is 13225 895^2 = (890 x 900) + 25, that is 801025 Can you explain what is happening and generalise?

6! = 6 x 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1. The highest power of 2 that divides exactly into 6! is 4 since (6!) / (2^4 ) = 45. What is the highest power of two that divides exactly into 100!?

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

Take any two digit number, for example 58. What do you have to do to reverse the order of the digits? Can you find a rule for reversing the order of digits for any two digit number?

Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...

Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.

Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths I. . . .

Substitution and Transposition all in one! How fiendish can these codes get?

Explain why the arithmetic sequence 1, 14, 27, 40, ... contains many terms of the form 222...2 where only the digit 2 appears.

Can you work out what size grid you need to read our secret message?

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

How many integers between 1 and 1200 are NOT multiples of any of the numbers 2, 3 or 5?

The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?

Find the frequency distribution for ordinary English, and use it to help you crack the code.

Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made it gives access to many similar ideas.

Which pairs of cogs let the coloured tooth touch every tooth on the other cog? Which pairs do not let this happen? Why?

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

What is the smallest number of answers you need to reveal in order to work out the missing headers?

Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?

Here is a machine with four coloured lights. Can you develop a strategy to work out the rules controlling each light?

A game that tests your understanding of remainders.

Make a line of green and a line of yellow rods so that the lines differ in length by one (a white rod)

Follow this recipe for sieving numbers and see what interesting patterns emerge.

Each letter represents a different positive digit AHHAAH / JOKE = HA What are the values of each of the letters?

Can you find a way to identify times tables after they have been shifted up?

Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?