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Resources tagged with Factors and multiples similar to An Investigation Based on Score:

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Broad Topics > Numbers and the Number System > Factors and multiples

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Product Sudoku

Stage: 3, 4 and 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

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Reverse to Order

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Take any two digit number, for example 58. What do you have to do to reverse the order of the digits? Can you find a rule for reversing the order of digits for any two digit number?

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LCM Sudoku

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Here is a Sudoku with a difference! Use information about lowest common multiples to help you solve it.

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Multiplication Equation Sudoku

Stage: 4 and 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.

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LCM Sudoku II

Stage: 3, 4 and 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find the digits and then solve the Sudoku.

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Factoring a Million

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

In how many ways can the number 1 000 000 be expressed as the product of three positive integers?

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Mathematical Swimmer

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths. . . .

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Three Times Seven

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

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Shifting Times Tables

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Can you find a way to identify times tables after they have been shifted up?

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Product Sudoku 2

Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?

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Multiplication Magic

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Given any 3 digit number you can use the given digits and name another number which is divisible by 37 (e.g. given 628 you say 628371 is divisible by 37 because you know that 6+3 = 2+7 = 8+1 = 9). . . .

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N000ughty Thoughts

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Factorial one hundred (written 100!) has 24 noughts when written in full and that 1000! has 249 noughts? Convince yourself that the above is true. Perhaps your methodology will help you find the. . . .

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Repeaters

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

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Eminit

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

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Even So

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

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Thirty Six Exactly

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

The number 12 = 2^2 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

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Inclusion Exclusion

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

How many integers between 1 and 1200 are NOT multiples of any of the numbers 2, 3 or 5?

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Got It

Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

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Can You Find a Perfect Number?

Stage: 2 and 3

Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...

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Hot Pursuit

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?

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Squaresearch

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Consider numbers of the form un = 1! + 2! + 3! +...+n!. How many such numbers are perfect squares?

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Mod 3

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Prove that if a^2+b^2 is a multiple of 3 then both a and b are multiples of 3.

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Remainders

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

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Factorial

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

How many zeros are there at the end of the number which is the product of first hundred positive integers?

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Times Right

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?

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Big Powers

Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made it gives access to many similar ideas.

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What a Joke

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Each letter represents a different positive digit AHHAAH / JOKE = HA What are the values of each of the letters?

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Factoring Factorials

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.

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What Numbers Can We Make?

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?

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Charlie's Delightful Machine

Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Here is a machine with four coloured lights. Can you develop a strategy to work out the rules controlling each light?

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Missing Multipliers

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

What is the smallest number of answers you need to reveal in order to work out the missing headers?

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Sieve of Eratosthenes

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Follow this recipe for sieving numbers and see what interesting patterns emerge.

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Transposition Cipher

Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Can you work out what size grid you need to read our secret message?

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Counting Cogs

Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Which pairs of cogs let the coloured tooth touch every tooth on the other cog? Which pairs do not let this happen? Why?

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Substitution Cipher

Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Find the frequency distribution for ordinary English, and use it to help you crack the code.

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Cuboids

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?

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Adding All Nine

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .

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GOT IT Now

Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

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Napier's Location Arithmetic

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Have you seen this way of doing multiplication ?

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The Remainders Game

Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

A game that tests your understanding of remainders.

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Substitution Transposed

Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Substitution and Transposition all in one! How fiendish can these codes get?

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AB Search

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What are the values of A and B?

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Adding in Rows

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

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Funny Factorisation

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Some 4 digit numbers can be written as the product of a 3 digit number and a 2 digit number using the digits 1 to 9 each once and only once. The number 4396 can be written as just such a product. Can. . . .

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Powerful Factorial

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

6! = 6 x 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1. The highest power of 2 that divides exactly into 6! is 4 since (6!) / (2^4 ) = 45. What is the highest power of two that divides exactly into 100!?

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Power Crazy

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

What can you say about the values of n that make $7^n + 3^n$ a multiple of 10? Are there other pairs of integers between 1 and 10 which have similar properties?

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Really Mr. Bond

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

115^2 = (110 x 120) + 25, that is 13225 895^2 = (890 x 900) + 25, that is 801025 Can you explain what is happening and generalise?

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Divisively So

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

How many numbers less than 1000 are NOT divisible by either: a) 2 or 5; or b) 2, 5 or 7?

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Two Much

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Explain why the arithmetic sequence 1, 14, 27, 40, ... contains many terms of the form 222...2 where only the digit 2 appears.

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Special Sums and Products

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.