In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Katie and Will have some balloons. Will's balloon burst at exactly the same size as Katie's at the beginning of a puff. How many puffs had Will done before his balloon burst?

Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .

There are a number of coins on a table. One quarter of the coins show heads. If I turn over 2 coins, then one third show heads. How many coins are there altogether?

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

An environment which simulates working with Cuisenaire rods.

A mathematician goes into a supermarket and buys four items. Using a calculator she multiplies the cost instead of adding them. How can her answer be the same as the total at the till?

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

Look at three 'next door neighbours' amongst the counting numbers. Add them together. What do you notice?

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

What do the numbers shaded in blue on this hundred square have in common? What do you notice about the pink numbers? How about the shaded numbers in the other squares?

Starting with the number 180, take away 9 again and again, joining up the dots as you go. Watch out - don't join all the dots!

Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?

The discs for this game are kept in a flat square box with a square hole for each disc. Use the information to find out how many discs of each colour there are in the box.

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?

Investigate the smallest number of moves it takes to turn these mats upside-down if you can only turn exactly three at a time.

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same colour are next to each other in any direction?

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?

A game for 2 or more people. Starting with 100, subratct a number from 1 to 9 from the total. You score for making an odd number, a number ending in 0 or a multiple of 6.

How can you use just one weighing to find out which box contains the lighter ten coins out of the ten boxes?

Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?

Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful reprentation for many number concepts.

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?

Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths I. . . .

Norrie sees two lights flash at the same time, then one of them flashes every 4th second, and the other flashes every 5th second. How many times do they flash together during a whole minute?

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

A student in a maths class was trying to get some information from her teacher. She was given some clues and then the teacher ended by saying, "Well, how old are they?"

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.