For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

A mathematician goes into a supermarket and buys four items. Using a calculator she multiplies the cost instead of adding them. How can her answer be the same as the total at the till?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?

Katie and Will have some balloons. Will's balloon burst at exactly the same size as Katie's at the beginning of a puff. How many puffs had Will done before his balloon burst?

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

This package contains a collection of problems from the NRICH website that could be suitable for students who have a good understanding of Factors and Multiples and who feel ready to take on some. . . .

What is the remainder when 2^2002 is divided by 7? What happens with different powers of 2?

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

An environment which simulates working with Cuisenaire rods.

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

Look at three 'next door neighbours' amongst the counting numbers. Add them together. What do you notice?

The discs for this game are kept in a flat square box with a square hole for each disc. Use the information to find out how many discs of each colour there are in the box.

Is there an efficient way to work out how many factors a large number has?

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths I. . . .

Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?

A student in a maths class was trying to get some information from her teacher. She was given some clues and then the teacher ended by saying, "Well, how old are they?"

What do the numbers shaded in blue on this hundred square have in common? What do you notice about the pink numbers? How about the shaded numbers in the other squares?

Helen made the conjecture that "every multiple of six has more factors than the two numbers either side of it". Is this conjecture true?

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?

Starting with the number 180, take away 9 again and again, joining up the dots as you go. Watch out - don't join all the dots!

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What are the values of A and B?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

A game for 2 or more people. Starting with 100, subratct a number from 1 to 9 from the total. You score for making an odd number, a number ending in 0 or a multiple of 6.

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful reprentation for many number concepts.