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Broad Topics > Numbers and the Number System > Factors and multiples

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Times Right

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?

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Pebbles

Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Place four pebbles on the sand in the form of a square. Keep adding as few pebbles as necessary to double the area. How many extra pebbles are added each time?

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Can You Find a Perfect Number?

Stage: 2 and 3

Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...

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How Old Are the Children?

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

A student in a maths class was trying to get some information from her teacher. She was given some clues and then the teacher ended by saying, "Well, how old are they?"

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Two Much

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Explain why the arithmetic sequence 1, 14, 27, 40, ... contains many terms of the form 222...2 where only the digit 2 appears.

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Factors and Multiple Challenges

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

This package contains a collection of problems from the NRICH website that could be suitable for students who have a good understanding of Factors and Multiples and who feel ready to take on some. . . .

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Number Tracks

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Ben’s class were making cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

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Number Detective

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Follow the clues to find the mystery number.

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Sets of Numbers

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

How many different sets of numbers with at least four members can you find in the numbers in this box?

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Sets of Four Numbers

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

There are ten children in Becky's group. Can you find a set of numbers for each of them? Are there any other sets?

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Abundant Numbers

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

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Path to the Stars

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Is it possible to draw a 5-pointed star without taking your pencil off the paper? Is it possible to draw a 6-pointed star in the same way without taking your pen off?

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Flashing Lights

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Norrie sees two lights flash at the same time, then one of them flashes every 4th second, and the other flashes every 5th second. How many times do they flash together during a whole minute?

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Bracelets

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Investigate the different shaped bracelets you could make from 18 different spherical beads. How do they compare if you use 24 beads?

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Sweets in a Box

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same colour are next to each other in any direction?

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Two Primes Make One Square

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can you make square numbers by adding two prime numbers together?

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Tiling

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

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Shifting Times Tables

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Can you find a way to identify times tables after they have been shifted up?

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Multiplication Series: Number Arrays

Stage: 1 and 2

This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful reprentation for many number concepts.

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Factor Lines

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

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Scoring with Dice

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

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A First Product Sudoku

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

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Thirty Six Exactly

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

The number 12 = 2^2 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

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Hot Pursuit

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?

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Fitted

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Nine squares with side lengths 1, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, and 18 cm can be fitted together to form a rectangle. What are the dimensions of the rectangle?

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Multiples Grid

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

What do the numbers shaded in blue on this hundred square have in common? What do you notice about the pink numbers? How about the shaded numbers in the other squares?

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AB Search

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What are the values of A and B?

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Zios and Zepts

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

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The Moons of Vuvv

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

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Mystery Matrix

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

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A Mixed-up Clock

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

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Fractions in a Box

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

The discs for this game are kept in a flat square box with a square hole for each disc. Use the information to find out how many discs of each colour there are in the box.

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Round and Round the Circle

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

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Multiplication Squares

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

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Helen's Conjecture

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Helen made the conjecture that "every multiple of six has more factors than the two numbers either side of it". Is this conjecture true?

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Oh! Hidden Inside?

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

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Curious Number

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Can you order the digits from 1-6 to make a number which is divisible by 6 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 5-figure number divisible by 5, and so on?

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Diggits

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Can you find what the last two digits of the number $4^{1999}$ are?

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Factor Track

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Factor track is not a race but a game of skill. The idea is to go round the track in as few moves as possible, keeping to the rules.

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Multiply Multiples 1

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

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It Figures

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

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Multiply Multiples 3

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

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Multiply Multiples 2

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

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A Square Deal

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Complete the magic square using the numbers 1 to 25 once each. Each row, column and diagonal adds up to 65.

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Gran, How Old Are You?

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

When Charlie asked his grandmother how old she is, he didn't get a straightforward reply! Can you work out how old she is?

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Ip Dip

Stage: 1 and 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

"Ip dip sky blue! Who's 'it'? It's you!" Where would you position yourself so that you are 'it' if there are two players? Three players ...?

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Which Numbers? (1)

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. They are the red set, the green set and the blue set. Can you find all the numbers in the sets from these clues?

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Divisively So

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

How many numbers less than 1000 are NOT divisible by either: a) 2 or 5; or b) 2, 5 or 7?

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X Marks the Spot

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

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Remainder

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

What is the remainder when 2^2002 is divided by 7? What happens with different powers of 2?