What do the numbers shaded in blue on this hundred square have in common? What do you notice about the pink numbers? How about the shaded numbers in the other squares?

A student in a maths class was trying to get some information from her teacher. She was given some clues and then the teacher ended by saying, "Well, how old are they?"

This package contains a collection of problems from the NRICH website that could be suitable for students who have a good understanding of Factors and Multiples and who feel ready to take on some. . . .

Investigate the smallest number of moves it takes to turn these mats upside-down if you can only turn exactly three at a time.

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

Starting with the number 180, take away 9 again and again, joining up the dots as you go. Watch out - don't join all the dots!

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same colour are next to each other in any direction?

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

Can you order the digits from 1-6 to make a number which is divisible by 6 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 5-figure number divisible by 5, and so on?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...

Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

A game in which players take it in turns to choose a number. Can you block your opponent?

A mathematician goes into a supermarket and buys four items. Using a calculator she multiplies the cost instead of adding them. How can her answer be the same as the total at the till?

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

The discs for this game are kept in a flat square box with a square hole for each disc. Use the information to find out how many discs of each colour there are in the box.

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

A game that tests your understanding of remainders.

Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?

Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Can you make square numbers by adding two prime numbers together?

A game for 2 or more people. Starting with 100, subratct a number from 1 to 9 from the total. You score for making an odd number, a number ending in 0 or a multiple of 6.

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

Complete the magic square using the numbers 1 to 25 once each. Each row, column and diagonal adds up to 65.

An environment which simulates working with Cuisenaire rods.

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

Imagine a wheel with different markings painted on it at regular intervals. Can you predict the colour of the 18th mark? The 100th mark?

Factors and Multiples game for an adult and child. How can you make sure you win this game?

Nearly all of us have made table patterns on hundred squares, that is 10 by 10 grids. This problem looks at the patterns on differently sized square grids.

In this activity, the computer chooses a times table and shifts it. Can you work out the table and the shift each time?

This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful reprentation for many number concepts.

Can you find a relationship between the number of dots on the circle and the number of steps that will ensure that all points are hit?

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?