Place four pebbles on the sand in the form of a square. Keep adding as few pebbles as necessary to double the area. How many extra pebbles are added each time?

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

Take any two digit number, for example 58. What do you have to do to reverse the order of the digits? Can you find a rule for reversing the order of digits for any two digit number?

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

What is the remainder when 2^2002 is divided by 7? What happens with different powers of 2?

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?

Nine squares with side lengths 1, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, and 18 cm can be fitted together to form a rectangle. What are the dimensions of the rectangle?

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made it gives access to many similar ideas.

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What are the values of A and B?

Investigate the smallest number of moves it takes to turn these mats upside-down if you can only turn exactly three at a time.

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

The discs for this game are kept in a flat square box with a square hole for each disc. Use the information to find out how many discs of each colour there are in the box.

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?

Ben’s class were making cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Here is a machine with four coloured lights. Can you develop a strategy to work out the rules controlling each light?

In this activity, the computer chooses a times table and shifts it. Can you work out the table and the shift each time?

Can you find a way to identify times tables after they have been shifted up?

When Charlie asked his grandmother how old she is, he didn't get a straightforward reply! Can you work out how old she is?

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

Can you order the digits from 1-6 to make a number which is divisible by 6 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 5-figure number divisible by 5, and so on?

"Ip dip sky blue! Who's 'it'? It's you!" Where would you position yourself so that you are 'it' if there are two players? Three players ...?

You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find the digits and then solve the Sudoku.

Look at three 'next door neighbours' amongst the counting numbers. Add them together. What do you notice?

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?

How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same colour are next to each other in any direction?

Can you find a relationship between the number of dots on the circle and the number of steps that will ensure that all points are hit?

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

What do the numbers shaded in blue on this hundred square have in common? What do you notice about the pink numbers? How about the shaded numbers in the other squares?

I put eggs into a basket in groups of 7 and noticed that I could easily have divided them into piles of 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 and always have one left over. How many eggs were in the basket?