Place four pebbles on the sand in the form of a square. Keep adding as few pebbles as necessary to double the area. How many extra pebbles are added each time?

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

Take any two digit number, for example 58. What do you have to do to reverse the order of the digits? Can you find a rule for reversing the order of digits for any two digit number?

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?

What is the remainder when 2^2002 is divided by 7? What happens with different powers of 2?

Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

Do you know a quick way to check if a number is a multiple of two? How about three, four or six?

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What are the values of A and B?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

Nine squares with side lengths 1, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, and 18 cm can be fitted together to form a rectangle. What are the dimensions of the rectangle?

Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?

The discs for this game are kept in a flat square box with a square hole for each disc. Use the information to find out how many discs of each colour there are in the box.

Investigate the smallest number of moves it takes to turn these mats upside-down if you can only turn exactly three at a time.

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?

Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made it gives access to many similar ideas.

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...

When Charlie asked his grandmother how old she is, he didn't get a straightforward reply! Can you work out how old she is?

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

Here is a machine with four coloured lights. Can you develop a strategy to work out the rules controlling each light?

In this activity, the computer chooses a times table and shifts it. Can you work out the table and the shift each time?

You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find the digits and then solve the Sudoku.

Can you find a way to identify times tables after they have been shifted up?

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

"Ip dip sky blue! Who's 'it'? It's you!" Where would you position yourself so that you are 'it' if there are two players? Three players ...?

Look at three 'next door neighbours' amongst the counting numbers. Add them together. What do you notice?

A game that tests your understanding of remainders.

Can you order the digits from 1-6 to make a number which is divisible by 6 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 5-figure number divisible by 5, and so on?

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Ben’s class were making cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

What do the numbers shaded in blue on this hundred square have in common? What do you notice about the pink numbers? How about the shaded numbers in the other squares?