Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a
factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and
16 is a factor of 48.
List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of
adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain
why and prove it?
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3
digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits
you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?
Do you know a quick way to check if a number is a multiple of two? How about three, four or six?
A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?
Katie and Will have some balloons. Will's balloon burst at exactly
the same size as Katie's at the beginning of a puff. How many puffs
had Will done before his balloon burst?
Take any two digit number, for example 58. What do you have to do to reverse the order of the digits? Can you find a rule for reversing the order of digits for any two digit number?
Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?
What is the smallest number with exactly 14 divisors?
For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?
Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter
of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to
Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.
There are a number of coins on a table.
One quarter of the coins show heads.
If I turn over 2 coins, then one third show heads. How many coins are there altogether?
Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?
Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and
once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of
the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .
A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.
Can you find a way to identify times tables after they have been shifted up?
Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths I. . . .
In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that
cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can
make? And the greatest?
Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface
area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you
find them all?
Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...
Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?
A mathematician goes into a supermarket and buys four items. Using
a calculator she multiplies the cost instead of adding them. How
can her answer be the same as the total at the till?
Some 4 digit numbers can be written as the product of a 3 digit
number and a 2 digit number using the digits 1 to 9 each once and
only once. The number 4396 can be written as just such a product.
Can. . . .
Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
Does a graph of the triangular numbers cross a graph of the six
times table? If so, where? Will a graph of the square numbers cross
the times table too?
Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...
Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.
How can you use just one weighing to find out which box contains
the lighter ten coins out of the ten boxes?
Helen made the conjecture that "every multiple of six has more
factors than the two numbers either side of it". Is this conjecture
Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the
divisors is 331776.
Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?
The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What
are the values of A and B?
The discs for this game are kept in a flat square box with a square
hole for each disc. Use the information to find out how many discs
of each colour there are in the box.
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when
divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this
grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the
number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?
Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?
I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three
dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?
This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a
useful reprentation for many number concepts.
Can you find a relationship between the number of dots on the
circle and the number of steps that will ensure that all points are
Look at three 'next door neighbours' amongst the counting numbers. Add them together. What do you notice?
What is the smallest number of answers you need to reveal in order
to work out the missing headers?
Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?
Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?
Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?
Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?
Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?
Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts
4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you
explain your findings?
I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. Can you find
all the numbers in each set from these clues?