Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

Katie and Will have some balloons. Will's balloon burst at exactly the same size as Katie's at the beginning of a puff. How many puffs had Will done before his balloon burst?

Some 4 digit numbers can be written as the product of a 3 digit number and a 2 digit number using the digits 1 to 9 each once and only once. The number 4396 can be written as just such a product. Can. . . .

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

Can you find a way to identify times tables after they have been shifted up?

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?

There are a number of coins on a table. One quarter of the coins show heads. If I turn over 2 coins, then one third show heads. How many coins are there altogether?

Do you know a quick way to check if a number is a multiple of two? How about three, four or six?

Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...

A mathematician goes into a supermarket and buys four items. Using a calculator she multiplies the cost instead of adding them. How can her answer be the same as the total at the till?

Take any two digit number, for example 58. What do you have to do to reverse the order of the digits? Can you find a rule for reversing the order of digits for any two digit number?

Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths I. . . .

Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

Andrew decorated 20 biscuits to take to a party. He lined them up and put icing on every second biscuit and different decorations on other biscuits. How many biscuits weren't decorated?

Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Find the words hidden inside each of the circles by counting around a certain number of spaces to find each letter in turn.

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?

The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What are the values of A and B?

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

The discs for this game are kept in a flat square box with a square hole for each disc. Use the information to find out how many discs of each colour there are in the box.

Can you find a relationship between the number of dots on the circle and the number of steps that will ensure that all points are hit?

Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts 4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you explain your findings?

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. Can you find all the numbers in each set from these clues?

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. They are the red set, the green set and the blue set. Can you find all the numbers in the sets from these clues?

What is the smallest number of answers you need to reveal in order to work out the missing headers?

Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

A game that tests your understanding of remainders.

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.

How can you use just one weighing to find out which box contains the lighter ten coins out of the ten boxes?

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful reprentation for many number concepts.

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

These red, yellow and blue spinners were each spun 45 times in total. Can you work out which numbers are on each spinner?

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.