Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful reprentation for many number concepts.

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts 4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you explain your findings?

Is it possible to draw a 5-pointed star without taking your pencil off the paper? Is it possible to draw a 6-pointed star in the same way without taking your pen off?

Look at three 'next door neighbours' amongst the counting numbers. Add them together. What do you notice?

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

A student in a maths class was trying to get some information from her teacher. She was given some clues and then the teacher ended by saying, "Well, how old are they?"

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

Find the words hidden inside each of the circles by counting around a certain number of spaces to find each letter in turn.

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

A game for 2 or more people. Starting with 100, subratct a number from 1 to 9 from the total. You score for making an odd number, a number ending in 0 or a multiple of 6.

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same colour are next to each other in any direction?

In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?

Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Norrie sees two lights flash at the same time, then one of them flashes every 4th second, and the other flashes every 5th second. How many times do they flash together during a whole minute?

Andrew decorated 20 biscuits to take to a party. He lined them up and put icing on every second biscuit and different decorations on other biscuits. How many biscuits weren't decorated?

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

There is a clock-face where the numbers have become all mixed up. Can you find out where all the numbers have got to from these ten statements?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Katie and Will have some balloons. Will's balloon burst at exactly the same size as Katie's at the beginning of a puff. How many puffs had Will done before his balloon burst?

What do the numbers shaded in blue on this hundred square have in common? What do you notice about the pink numbers? How about the shaded numbers in the other squares?

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

How can you use just one weighing to find out which box contains the lighter ten coins out of the ten boxes?

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Imagine a wheel with different markings painted on it at regular intervals. Can you predict the colour of the 18th mark? The 100th mark?

A mathematician goes into a supermarket and buys four items. Using a calculator she multiplies the cost instead of adding them. How can her answer be the same as the total at the till?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Starting with the number 180, take away 9 again and again, joining up the dots as you go. Watch out - don't join all the dots!

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

These red, yellow and blue spinners were each spun 45 times in total. Can you work out which numbers are on each spinner?

Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Does a graph of the triangular numbers cross a graph of the six times table? If so, where? Will a graph of the square numbers cross the times table too?

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?