Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?

Can you find what the last two digits of the number $4^{1999}$ are?

Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths I. . . .

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?

Which pairs of cogs let the coloured tooth touch every tooth on the other cog? Which pairs do not let this happen? Why?

6! = 6 x 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1. The highest power of 2 that divides exactly into 6! is 4 since (6!) / (2^4 ) = 45. What is the highest power of two that divides exactly into 100!?

What is the smallest number of answers you need to reveal in order to work out the missing headers?

How many numbers less than 1000 are NOT divisible by either: a) 2 or 5; or b) 2, 5 or 7?

Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts 4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you explain your findings?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What are the values of A and B?

The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

How many integers between 1 and 1200 are NOT multiples of any of the numbers 2, 3 or 5?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...

Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.

Complete the following expressions so that each one gives a four digit number as the product of two two digit numbers and uses the digits 1 to 8 once and only once.

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Can you find a way to identify times tables after they have been shifted up?

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

What is the value of the digit A in the sum below: [3(230 + A)]^2 = 49280A

A number N is divisible by 10, 90, 98 and 882 but it is NOT divisible by 50 or 270 or 686 or 1764. It is also known that N is a factor of 9261000. What is N?

I put eggs into a basket in groups of 7 and noticed that I could easily have divided them into piles of 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 and always have one left over. How many eggs were in the basket?

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

Take any two digit number, for example 58. What do you have to do to reverse the order of the digits? Can you find a rule for reversing the order of digits for any two digit number?

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

Helen made the conjecture that "every multiple of six has more factors than the two numbers either side of it". Is this conjecture true?

Follow this recipe for sieving numbers and see what interesting patterns emerge.

Explain why the arithmetic sequence 1, 14, 27, 40, ... contains many terms of the form 222...2 where only the digit 2 appears.

Find the words hidden inside each of the circles by counting around a certain number of spaces to find each letter in turn.

A challenge that requires you to apply your knowledge of the properties of numbers. Can you fill all the squares on the board?

Look at three 'next door neighbours' amongst the counting numbers. Add them together. What do you notice?

Factor track is not a race but a game of skill. The idea is to go round the track in as few moves as possible, keeping to the rules.

A game that tests your understanding of remainders.

Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful reprentation for many number concepts.

Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made it gives access to many similar ideas.