Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3
digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits
you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a
factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and
16 is a factor of 48.
Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?
Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and
once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of
the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .
What is the smallest number with exactly 14 divisors?
Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?
List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of
adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain
why and prove it?
Take any two digit number, for example 58. What do you have to do to reverse the order of the digits? Can you find a rule for reversing the order of digits for any two digit number?
A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?
Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?
For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?
A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.
You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find
the digits and then solve the Sudoku.
Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter
of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to
Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.
Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface
area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you
find them all?
In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that
cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can
make? And the greatest?
The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.
Look at three 'next door neighbours' amongst the counting numbers. Add them together. What do you notice?
Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...
Do you know a quick way to check if a number is a multiple of two? How about three, four or six?
Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?
Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this
grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the
number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?
What can you say about the values of n that make $7^n + 3^n$ a multiple of 10? Are there other pairs of integers between 1 and 10 which have similar properties?
What is the remainder when 2^2002 is divided by 7? What happens
with different powers of 2?
An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify
What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How
about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you
can predict what will happen.
Some 4 digit numbers can be written as the product of a 3 digit
number and a 2 digit number using the digits 1 to 9 each once and
only once. The number 4396 can be written as just such a product.
Can. . . .
Helen made the conjecture that "every multiple of six has more
factors than the two numbers either side of it". Is this conjecture
Find the frequency distribution for ordinary English, and use it to help you crack the code.
Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...
Substitution and Transposition all in one! How fiendish can these codes get?
Can you work out what size grid you need to read our secret message?
Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?
Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?
Can you find a relationship between the number of dots on the
circle and the number of steps that will ensure that all points are
A game that tests your understanding of remainders.
This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a
useful reprentation for many number concepts.
Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of
problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made
it gives access to many similar ideas.
The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?
The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?
The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with
the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50
times. What is the value of the digit M?
How many integers between 1 and 1200 are NOT multiples of any of
the numbers 2, 3 or 5?
Imagine a wheel with different markings painted on it at regular
intervals. Can you predict the colour of the 18th mark? The 100th
How can you use just one weighing to find out which box contains
the lighter ten coins out of the ten boxes?
A game for 2 or more people. Starting with 100, subratct a number from 1 to 9 from the total. You score for making an odd number, a number ending in 0 or a multiple of 6.
Ben’s class were making cutting up number tracks. First they
cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What
patterns could they see?
Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.
In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10
are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the
largest possible number of houses in the square?
What is the smallest number of answers you need to reveal in order
to work out the missing headers?