Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?
A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?
Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and
once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of
the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .
Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a
factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and
16 is a factor of 48.
List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of
adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain
why and prove it?
Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3
digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits
you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?
Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?
In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that
cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can
make? And the greatest?
Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?
The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.
Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...
Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?
You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find
the digits and then solve the Sudoku.
A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.
Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?
What can you say about the values of n that make $7^n + 3^n$ a multiple of 10? Are there other pairs of integers between 1 and 10 which have similar properties?
What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How
about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you
can predict what will happen.
Here is a machine with four coloured lights. Can you develop a strategy to work out the rules controlling each light?
Can you work out what size grid you need to read our secret message?
Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.
Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface
area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you
find them all?
Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter
of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to
Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.
Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this
grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the
number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?
Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?
Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?
Is there an efficient way to work out how many factors a large number has?
Substitution and Transposition all in one! How fiendish can these codes get?
An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify
Do you know a quick way to check if a number is a multiple of two? How about three, four or six?
Look at three 'next door neighbours' amongst the counting numbers. Add them together. What do you notice?
Helen made the conjecture that "every multiple of six has more
factors than the two numbers either side of it". Is this conjecture
This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a
useful reprentation for many number concepts.
The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?
Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of
problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made
it gives access to many similar ideas.
Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?
I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three
dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?
Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...
How many integers between 1 and 1200 are NOT multiples of any of
the numbers 2, 3 or 5?
Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
Imagine a wheel with different markings painted on it at regular
intervals. Can you predict the colour of the 18th mark? The 100th
A game for 2 or more people. Starting with 100, subratct a number from 1 to 9 from the total. You score for making an odd number, a number ending in 0 or a multiple of 6.
A game that tests your understanding of remainders.
Find the frequency distribution for ordinary English, and use it to help you crack the code.
Follow this recipe for sieving numbers and see what interesting patterns emerge.
Factor track is not a race but a game of skill. The idea is to go round the track in as few moves as possible, keeping to the rules.
Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?