Which pairs of cogs let the coloured tooth touch every tooth on the other cog? Which pairs do not let this happen? Why?

How many integers between 1 and 1200 are NOT multiples of any of the numbers 2, 3 or 5?

Follow this recipe for sieving numbers and see what interesting patterns emerge.

I put eggs into a basket in groups of 7 and noticed that I could easily have divided them into piles of 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 and always have one left over. How many eggs were in the basket?

What is the remainder when 2^2002 is divided by 7? What happens with different powers of 2?

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

A number N is divisible by 10, 90, 98 and 882 but it is NOT divisible by 50 or 270 or 686 or 1764. It is also known that N is a factor of 9261000. What is N?

The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?

Complete the following expressions so that each one gives a four digit number as the product of two two digit numbers and uses the digits 1 to 8 once and only once.

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

6! = 6 x 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1. The highest power of 2 that divides exactly into 6! is 4 since (6!) / (2^4 ) = 45. What is the highest power of two that divides exactly into 100!?

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths I. . . .

How many numbers less than 1000 are NOT divisible by either: a) 2 or 5; or b) 2, 5 or 7?

What is the value of the digit A in the sum below: [3(230 + A)]^2 = 49280A

Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...

Factor track is not a race but a game of skill. The idea is to go round the track in as few moves as possible, keeping to the rules.

The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What are the values of A and B?

Can you find what the last two digits of the number $4^{1999}$ are?

Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

Helen made the conjecture that "every multiple of six has more factors than the two numbers either side of it". Is this conjecture true?

Look at three 'next door neighbours' amongst the counting numbers. Add them together. What do you notice?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Explain why the arithmetic sequence 1, 14, 27, 40, ... contains many terms of the form 222...2 where only the digit 2 appears.

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .

Andrew decorated 20 biscuits to take to a party. He lined them up and put icing on every second biscuit and different decorations on other biscuits. How many biscuits weren't decorated?

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

In this activity, the computer chooses a times table and shifts it. Can you work out the table and the shift each time?

"Ip dip sky blue! Who's 'it'? It's you!" Where would you position yourself so that you are 'it' if there are two players? Three players ...?

When Charlie asked his grandmother how old she is, he didn't get a straightforward reply! Can you work out how old she is?

Explore the relationship between simple linear functions and their graphs.

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

Factors and Multiples game for an adult and child. How can you make sure you win this game?

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts 4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you explain your findings?

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. Can you find all the numbers in each set from these clues?

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?

Find the words hidden inside each of the circles by counting around a certain number of spaces to find each letter in turn.