A mathematician goes into a supermarket and buys four items. Using a calculator she multiplies the cost instead of adding them. How can her answer be the same as the total at the till?

Katie and Will have some balloons. Will's balloon burst at exactly the same size as Katie's at the beginning of a puff. How many puffs had Will done before his balloon burst?

Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths I. . . .

There are a number of coins on a table. One quarter of the coins show heads. If I turn over 2 coins, then one third show heads. How many coins are there altogether?

The discs for this game are kept in a flat square box with a square hole for each disc. Use the information to find out how many discs of each colour there are in the box.

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Is there an efficient way to work out how many factors a large number has?

Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Norrie sees two lights flash at the same time, then one of them flashes every 4th second, and the other flashes every 5th second. How many times do they flash together during a whole minute?

How can you use just one weighing to find out which box contains the lighter ten coins out of the ten boxes?

Look at three 'next door neighbours' amongst the counting numbers. Add them together. What do you notice?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful reprentation for many number concepts.

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

An environment which simulates working with Cuisenaire rods.

Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.

Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?

Helen made the conjecture that "every multiple of six has more factors than the two numbers either side of it". Is this conjecture true?

Does a graph of the triangular numbers cross a graph of the six times table? If so, where? Will a graph of the square numbers cross the times table too?

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

These red, yellow and blue spinners were each spun 45 times in total. Can you work out which numbers are on each spinner?

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

A game for 2 or more people. Starting with 100, subratct a number from 1 to 9 from the total. You score for making an odd number, a number ending in 0 or a multiple of 6.

The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...

How many integers between 1 and 1200 are NOT multiples of any of the numbers 2, 3 or 5?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

A game that tests your understanding of remainders.

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

Do you know a quick way to check if a number is a multiple of two? How about three, four or six?

6! = 6 x 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1. The highest power of 2 that divides exactly into 6! is 4 since (6!) / (2^4 ) = 45. What is the highest power of two that divides exactly into 100!?

Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...