A student in a maths class was trying to get some information from
her teacher. She was given some clues and then the teacher ended by
saying, "Well, how old are they?"
This package contains a collection of problems from the NRICH
website that could be suitable for students who have a good
understanding of Factors and Multiples and who feel ready to take
on some. . . .
Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?
Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.
If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order
to balance this equaliser?
Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter
of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to
Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.
Investigate the smallest number of moves it takes to turn these
mats upside-down if you can only turn exactly three at a time.
For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?
Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?
Starting with the number 180, take away 9 again and again, joining up the dots as you go. Watch out - don't join all the dots!
A game for 2 or more people. Starting with 100, subratct a number from 1 to 9 from the total. You score for making an odd number, a number ending in 0 or a multiple of 6.
What do the numbers shaded in blue on this hundred square have in common? What do you notice about the pink numbers? How about the shaded numbers in the other squares?
Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?
How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one
layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same
colour are next to each other in any direction?
Investigate the different shaped bracelets you could make from 18 different spherical beads. How do they compare if you use 24 beads?
Find the words hidden inside each of the circles by counting around
a certain number of spaces to find each letter in turn.
The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is
between each super-eclipse?
Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.
Andrew decorated 20 biscuits to take to a party. He lined them up and put icing on every second biscuit and different decorations on other biscuits. How many biscuits weren't decorated?
A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try
to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.
I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. They are the
red set, the green set and the blue set. Can you find all the
numbers in the sets from these clues?
Nearly all of us have made table patterns on hundred squares, that is 10 by 10 grids. This problem looks at the patterns on differently sized square grids.
I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. Can you find
all the numbers in each set from these clues?
Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?
Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?
In this activity, the computer chooses a times table and shifts it. Can you work out the table and the shift each time?
In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10
are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the
largest possible number of houses in the square?
A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.
Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so
that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used
once and once only.
Can you find a relationship between the number of dots on the
circle and the number of steps that will ensure that all points are
In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that
cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can
make? And the greatest?
A game that tests your understanding of remainders.
Imagine a wheel with different markings painted on it at regular
intervals. Can you predict the colour of the 18th mark? The 100th
A mathematician goes into a supermarket and buys four items. Using
a calculator she multiplies the cost instead of adding them. How
can her answer be the same as the total at the till?
Follow the clues to find the mystery number.
Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and
multiply them together. How many different products can you find?
How do you know you've got them all?
An environment which simulates working with Cuisenaire rods.
Here is a machine with four coloured lights. Can you develop a strategy to work out the rules controlling each light?
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when
divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts
4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you
explain your findings?
Is it possible to draw a 5-pointed star without taking your pencil
off the paper? Is it possible to draw a 6-pointed star in the same
way without taking your pen off?
Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a
factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and
16 is a factor of 48.
The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.
List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of
adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain
why and prove it?
This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a
useful reprentation for many number concepts.
Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?
Each light in this interactivity turns on according to a rule. What happens when you enter different numbers? Can you find the smallest number that lights up all four lights?
Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?
I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the
remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2.
Can you find my number?
Complete the magic square using the numbers 1 to 25 once each. Each
row, column and diagonal adds up to 65.