Katie and Will have some balloons. Will's balloon burst at exactly the same size as Katie's at the beginning of a puff. How many puffs had Will done before his balloon burst?

There are a number of coins on a table. One quarter of the coins show heads. If I turn over 2 coins, then one third show heads. How many coins are there altogether?

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths I. . . .

Can you find a way to identify times tables after they have been shifted up?

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

Do you know a quick way to check if a number is a multiple of two? How about three, four or six?

A mathematician goes into a supermarket and buys four items. Using a calculator she multiplies the cost instead of adding them. How can her answer be the same as the total at the till?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What are the values of A and B?

The discs for this game are kept in a flat square box with a square hole for each disc. Use the information to find out how many discs of each colour there are in the box.

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. Can you find all the numbers in each set from these clues?

Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts 4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you explain your findings?

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. They are the red set, the green set and the blue set. Can you find all the numbers in the sets from these clues?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Norrie sees two lights flash at the same time, then one of them flashes every 4th second, and the other flashes every 5th second. How many times do they flash together during a whole minute?

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Find the words hidden inside each of the circles by counting around a certain number of spaces to find each letter in turn.

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

Andrew decorated 20 biscuits to take to a party. He lined them up and put icing on every second biscuit and different decorations on other biscuits. How many biscuits weren't decorated?

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

How can you use just one weighing to find out which box contains the lighter ten coins out of the ten boxes?

Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.

Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?

This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful reprentation for many number concepts.

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

These red, yellow and blue spinners were each spun 45 times in total. Can you work out which numbers are on each spinner?

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

A game that tests your understanding of remainders.

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

I put eggs into a basket in groups of 7 and noticed that I could easily have divided them into piles of 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 and always have one left over. How many eggs were in the basket?

A number N is divisible by 10, 90, 98 and 882 but it is NOT divisible by 50 or 270 or 686 or 1764. It is also known that N is a factor of 9261000. What is N?

What is the remainder when 2^2002 is divided by 7? What happens with different powers of 2?