Katie and Will have some balloons. Will's balloon burst at exactly the same size as Katie's at the beginning of a puff. How many puffs had Will done before his balloon burst?

A mathematician goes into a supermarket and buys four items. Using a calculator she multiplies the cost instead of adding them. How can her answer be the same as the total at the till?

Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths I. . . .

There are a number of coins on a table. One quarter of the coins show heads. If I turn over 2 coins, then one third show heads. How many coins are there altogether?

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Norrie sees two lights flash at the same time, then one of them flashes every 4th second, and the other flashes every 5th second. How many times do they flash together during a whole minute?

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

Is it possible to draw a 5-pointed star without taking your pencil off the paper? Is it possible to draw a 6-pointed star in the same way without taking your pen off?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

These red, yellow and blue spinners were each spun 45 times in total. Can you work out which numbers are on each spinner?

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

Find the words hidden inside each of the circles by counting around a certain number of spaces to find each letter in turn.

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...

This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful reprentation for many number concepts.

Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .

Andrew decorated 20 biscuits to take to a party. He lined them up and put icing on every second biscuit and different decorations on other biscuits. How many biscuits weren't decorated?

How can you use just one weighing to find out which box contains the lighter ten coins out of the ten boxes?

The discs for this game are kept in a flat square box with a square hole for each disc. Use the information to find out how many discs of each colour there are in the box.

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

Look at three 'next door neighbours' amongst the counting numbers. Add them together. What do you notice?

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. Can you find all the numbers in each set from these clues?

Does a graph of the triangular numbers cross a graph of the six times table? If so, where? Will a graph of the square numbers cross the times table too?

Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts 4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you explain your findings?

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

Do you know a quick way to check if a number is a multiple of two? How about three, four or six?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

An environment which simulates working with Cuisenaire rods.

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. They are the red set, the green set and the blue set. Can you find all the numbers in the sets from these clues?

Can you find a way to identify times tables after they have been shifted up?

Nearly all of us have made table patterns on hundred squares, that is 10 by 10 grids. This problem looks at the patterns on differently sized square grids.

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

A game for 2 people using a pack of cards Turn over 2 cards and try to make an odd number or a multiple of 3.

Factors and Multiples game for an adult and child. How can you make sure you win this game?

Factor track is not a race but a game of skill. The idea is to go round the track in as few moves as possible, keeping to the rules.