Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a
factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and
16 is a factor of 48.
Is there an efficient way to work out how many factors a large number has?
Katie and Will have some balloons. Will's balloon burst at exactly
the same size as Katie's at the beginning of a puff. How many puffs
had Will done before his balloon burst?
Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?
Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter
of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to
Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.
Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths I. . . .
Can you find a way to identify times tables after they have been shifted up?
Do you know a quick way to check if a number is a multiple of two? How about three, four or six?
A mathematician goes into a supermarket and buys four items. Using
a calculator she multiplies the cost instead of adding them. How
can her answer be the same as the total at the till?
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3
digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits
you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?
A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?
48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?
Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...
This package contains a collection of problems from the NRICH
website that could be suitable for students who have a good
understanding of Factors and Multiples and who feel ready to take
on some. . . .
Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...
Is it possible to draw a 5-pointed star without taking your pencil
off the paper? Is it possible to draw a 6-pointed star in the same
way without taking your pen off?
What is the smallest number of answers you need to reveal in order
to work out the missing headers?
Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?
In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that
cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can
make? And the greatest?
Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?
Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?
For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?
The discs for this game are kept in a flat square box with a square
hole for each disc. Use the information to find out how many discs
of each colour there are in the box.
The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What
are the values of A and B?
An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify
Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this
grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the
number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.
I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three
dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?
Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and
once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of
the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some. . . .
What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How
about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you
can predict what will happen.
There are a number of coins on a table.
One quarter of the coins show heads.
If I turn over 2 coins, then one third show heads. How many coins are there altogether?
Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?
A student in a maths class was trying to get some information from
her teacher. She was given some clues and then the teacher ended by
saying, "Well, how old are they?"
Some 4 digit numbers can be written as the product of a 3 digit
number and a 2 digit number using the digits 1 to 9 each once and
only once. The number 4396 can be written as just such a product.
Can. . . .
A number N is divisible by 10, 90, 98 and 882 but it is NOT
divisible by 50 or 270 or 686 or 1764. It is also known that N is a
factor of 9261000. What is N?
I put eggs into a basket in groups of 7 and noticed that I could
easily have divided them into piles of 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 and always
have one left over. How many eggs were in the basket?
Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?
Helen made the conjecture that "every multiple of six has more
factors than the two numbers either side of it". Is this conjecture
Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the
divisors is 331776.
What is the value of the digit A in the sum below: [3(230 + A)]^2 =
I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the
remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2.
Can you find my number?
List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of
adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain
why and prove it?
How many numbers less than 1000 are NOT divisible by either: a) 2
or 5; or b) 2, 5 or 7?
Look at three 'next door neighbours' amongst the counting numbers. Add them together. What do you notice?
Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface
area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you
find them all?
What is the remainder when 2^2002 is divided by 7? What happens
with different powers of 2?