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Broad Topics > Numbers and the Number System > Factors and multiples

Spelling Circle

Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Find the words hidden inside each of the circles by counting around a certain number of spaces to find each letter in turn.

What's in the Box?

Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

Biscuit Decorations

Stage: 1 and 2 Challenge Level:

Andrew decorated 20 biscuits to take to a party. He lined them up and put icing on every second biscuit and different decorations on other biscuits. How many biscuits weren't decorated?

Which Is Quicker?

Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

Three Neighbours

Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Look at three 'next door neighbours' amongst the counting numbers. Add them together. What do you notice?

Tom's Number

Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Round and Round the Circle

Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

Red Balloons, Blue Balloons

Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Katie and Will have some balloons. Will's balloon burst at exactly the same size as Katie's at the beginning of a puff. How many puffs had Will done before his balloon burst?

Flashing Lights

Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Norrie sees two lights flash at the same time, then one of them flashes every 4th second, and the other flashes every 5th second. How many times do they flash together during a whole minute?

The Moons of Vuvv

Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

The planet of Vuvv has seven moons. Can you work out how long it is between each super-eclipse?

Factors and Multiple Challenges

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

This package contains a collection of problems from the NRICH website that could be suitable for students who have a good understanding of Factors and Multiples and who feel ready to take on some. . . .

What Is Ziffle?

Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?

Path to the Stars

Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Is it possible to draw a 5-pointed star without taking your pencil off the paper? Is it possible to draw a 6-pointed star in the same way without taking your pen off?

Multiplication Squares

Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

Give Me Four Clues

Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Three Dice

Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

What Do You Need?

Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Neighbours

Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?

Table Patterns Go Wild!

Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Nearly all of us have made table patterns on hundred squares, that is 10 by 10 grids. This problem looks at the patterns on differently sized square grids.

Which Numbers? (1)

Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. They are the red set, the green set and the blue set. Can you find all the numbers in the sets from these clues?

Which Numbers? (2)

Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. Can you find all the numbers in each set from these clues?

Three Spinners

Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

These red, yellow and blue spinners were each spun 45 times in total. Can you work out which numbers are on each spinner?

Crossings

Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

A First Product Sudoku

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

What Two ...?

Stage: 2 Short Challenge Level:

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Money Measure

Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

How can you use just one weighing to find out which box contains the lighter ten coins out of the ten boxes?

Multiplication Series: Number Arrays

Stage: 1 and 2

This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful reprentation for many number concepts.

Becky's Number Plumber

Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts 4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you explain your findings?

Divide it Out

Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Graphing Number Patterns

Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Does a graph of the triangular numbers cross a graph of the six times table? If so, where? Will a graph of the square numbers cross the times table too?

How Old Are the Children?

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

A student in a maths class was trying to get some information from her teacher. She was given some clues and then the teacher ended by saying, "Well, how old are they?"

Number Tracks

Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Down to Nothing

Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

A game for 2 or more people. Starting with 100, subratct a number from 1 to 9 from the total. You score for making an odd number, a number ending in 0 or a multiple of 6.

Factor-multiple Chains

Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

Eminit

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

Even So

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

A mathematician goes into a supermarket and buys four items. Using a calculator she multiplies the cost instead of adding them. How can her answer be the same as the total at the till?

Scoring with Dice

Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

Hot Pursuit

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?

Ben's Game

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

Diggits

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Can you find what the last two digits of the number $4^{1999}$ are?

Being Determined - Primary Number

Stage: 1 and 2 Challenge Level:

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

Multiply Multiples 2

Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

Multiply Multiples 1

Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

Multiply Multiples 3

Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

Got it for Two

Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

It Figures

Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Sieve of Eratosthenes

Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Follow this recipe for sieving numbers and see what interesting patterns emerge.

Curious Number

Stage: 2 Challenge Level:

Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?