Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?

On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these two numbers?

Number problems at primary level to work on with others.

Number problems at primary level that may require determination.

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?

Find the words hidden inside each of the circles by counting around a certain number of spaces to find each letter in turn.

What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will only answer 'yes' or 'no'.

Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made it gives access to many similar ideas.

Norrie sees two lights flash at the same time, then one of them flashes every 4th second, and the other flashes every 5th second. How many times do they flash together during a whole minute?

In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10 are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the largest possible number of houses in the square?

This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a useful reprentation for many number concepts.

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts 4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you explain your findings?

"Ip dip sky blue! Who's 'it'? It's you!" Where would you position yourself so that you are 'it' if there are two players? Three players ...?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. They are the red set, the green set and the blue set. Can you find all the numbers in the sets from these clues?

Nine squares with side lengths 1, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, and 18 cm can be fitted together to form a rectangle. What are the dimensions of the rectangle?

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

These red, yellow and blue spinners were each spun 45 times in total. Can you work out which numbers are on each spinner?

Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths I. . . .

I throw three dice and get 5, 3 and 2. Add the scores on the three dice. What do you get? Now multiply the scores. What do you notice?

Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?

Starting with the number 180, take away 9 again and again, joining up the dots as you go. Watch out - don't join all the dots!

The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What are the values of A and B?

What do the numbers shaded in blue on this hundred square have in common? What do you notice about the pink numbers? How about the shaded numbers in the other squares?

Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?

A mathematician goes into a supermarket and buys four items. Using a calculator she multiplies the cost instead of adding them. How can her answer be the same as the total at the till?

Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?

If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order to balance this equaliser?

Look at three 'next door neighbours' amongst the counting numbers. Add them together. What do you notice?

How can you use just one weighing to find out which box contains the lighter ten coins out of the ten boxes?

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Explore the relationship between simple linear functions and their graphs.

The discs for this game are kept in a flat square box with a square hole for each disc. Use the information to find out how many discs of each colour there are in the box.

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?