Which is quicker, counting up to 30 in ones or counting up to 300 in tens? Why?
Can you work out what a ziffle is on the planet Zargon?
On the planet Vuv there are two sorts of creatures. The Zios have 3 legs and the Zepts have 7 legs. The great planetary explorer Nico counted 52 legs. How many Zios and how many Zepts were there?
56 406 is the product of two consecutive numbers. What are these
Number problems at primary level that may require determination.
In a square in which the houses are evenly spaced, numbers 3 and 10
are opposite each other. What is the smallest and what is the
largest possible number of houses in the square?
Number problems at primary level to work on with others.
The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with
the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50
times. What is the value of the digit M?
This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?
Find the words hidden inside each of the circles by counting around
a certain number of spaces to find each letter in turn.
What is the lowest number which always leaves a remainder of 1 when
divided by each of the numbers from 2 to 10?
Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?
Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this
grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the
number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?
Work out Tom's number from the answers he gives his friend. He will
only answer 'yes' or 'no'.
Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of
problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made
it gives access to many similar ideas.
Norrie sees two lights flash at the same time, then one of them
flashes every 4th second, and the other flashes every 5th second.
How many times do they flash together during a whole minute?
Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths I. . . .
This article for teachers describes how number arrays can be a
useful reprentation for many number concepts.
Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?
Follow the clues to find the mystery number.
"Ip dip sky blue! Who's 'it'? It's you!" Where would you position yourself so that you are 'it' if there are two players? Three players ...?
Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?
Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?
Becky created a number plumber which multiplies by 5 and subtracts
4. What do you notice about the numbers that it produces? Can you
explain your findings?
I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the
remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2.
Can you find my number?
Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?
Nine squares with side lengths 1, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, and 18 cm can be fitted together to form a rectangle. What are the dimensions of the rectangle?
Starting with the number 180, take away 9 again and again, joining up the dots as you go. Watch out - don't join all the dots!
A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?
The sum of the first 'n' natural numbers is a 3 digit number in which all the digits are the same. How many numbers have been summed?
The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What
are the values of A and B?
Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?
What do the numbers shaded in blue on this hundred square have in common? What do you notice about the pink numbers? How about the shaded numbers in the other squares?
A mathematician goes into a supermarket and buys four items. Using
a calculator she multiplies the cost instead of adding them. How
can her answer be the same as the total at the till?
Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?
Look at three 'next door neighbours' amongst the counting numbers. Add them together. What do you notice?
Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?
Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.
Four of these clues are needed to find the chosen number on this grid and four are true but do nothing to help in finding the number. Can you sort out the clues and find the number?
Can you order the digits from 1-3 to make a number which is divisible by 3 so when the last digit is removed it becomes a 2-figure number divisible by 2, and so on?
Explore the relationship between simple linear functions and their
In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that
cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can
make? And the greatest?
Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter
of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to
Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.
If you have only four weights, where could you place them in order
to balance this equaliser?
These red, yellow and blue spinners were each spun 45 times in
total. Can you work out which numbers are on each spinner?
I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. They are the
red set, the green set and the blue set. Can you find all the
numbers in the sets from these clues?
I am thinking of three sets of numbers less than 101. Can you find
all the numbers in each set from these clues?
An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify
The discs for this game are kept in a flat square box with a square
hole for each disc. Use the information to find out how many discs
of each colour there are in the box.
How can you use just one weighing to find out which box contains
the lighter ten coins out of the ten boxes?